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Table 13 Contribution of individual qualitative studies to descriptive themes: Health and well-being impacts of school gardening

From: A systematic review of the health and well-being impacts of school gardening: synthesis of quantitative and qualitative evidence

First author (year) Quality Health impacts Well-being impacts
Food/nutrition knowledge Attitudes towards food Healthier eating habits Physical activity Enjoyment Achievement, satisfaction, pride Confidence, self-esteem, ownership, responsibility Relaxation, stress release Express/manage emotions Building relationships, belonging Cultural awareness, cohesion
Ahmed (2011) [40] Moderate         
Alexander (1995) [41] Moderate         
Anderson (2011) [42] Weak            
Block (2009, 2012) [24;25]
Gibbs (2013) [26]
Townsend (2014) [43]
Strong  
Bowker (2007) [44] Moderate          
Chawla (2014) [11] Strong       
Chiumento (2012) [12] Weak       
Cutter-Mackenzie (2009) [45] Moderate           
Hazzard (2011) [46] Weak            
Henryks (2011) [47] Moderate       
Lakin (2008) [48] Weak       
Miller (2007) [49] Weak         
Ming Wei (2012) [13] Moderate       
Passy (2010) [50] Moderate  
Somerset (2005) [51] Weak      
Viola (2006) [52] Moderate