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Table 2 Prevalence of poor mental health (low mental component score SF-12) by employment status and period

From: How are the employed and unemployed affected by the economic crisis in Spain? Educational inequalities, life conditions and mental health in a context of high unemployment

  Working Unemployed
  Precrisis Crisis p Precrisis Crisis p
  n = 2771 n = 2205   n = 439 n = 1428  
  % %   % %  
All 17.1 19.0   22.6 26.1  
Sex       
 Women 22.1 23.9   25.9 29.6  
 Men 14.4 15.8   19.3 23.5  
Age       
 19–24 years 18.6 12.3   16.7 20.3  
 25–34 years 14.5 15.9   16.8 22.9  
 35–44 years 19.1 21.8   32.9 29.7  
 45–54 years 17.3 20.5   28.1 29.1  
 55–64 years 16.5 20.4   31.4 29.3  
Main Earner       
 Yes 15.1 17.8   27.6 27.1  
 No 20.4 21.0   20.7 25.4  
Cohabitation       
 Yes 16.4 18.8   22.0 25.3  
 No 18.6 19.3   23.0 27.3  
Partner working status       
 Employed 19.5 19.1   21.4 22.3  
 Unemployed 12.5 19.5 * 20.0 29.9  
 Other 12.2 18.1 * 25.0 26.8  
Education       
 No studies or Incomplete primary 21.0 24.7   28.2 26.9  
 Complete primary 16.5 21.6 * 27.4 24.5  
 Secondary 14.6 18.6 * 14.9 30.5 *
 University 18.0 13.3 * 9.8 17.2  
Difficulties to make ends meet       
 Great difficulty/Difficulty 22.9 32.4 * 35.0 31.9  
 Some difficulty 16.6 17.9   13.6 21.8 *
 Easily 15.6 14.0   17.4 16.3  
Social support       
 Poor (Duke score < =41) 32.2 36.1   45.3 42.4  
 Good (Duke score >41) 13.9 16.6 * 17.0 22.7 *
  1. P p-value of the χ2 test for the comparison of prevalence of poor mental health precrisis versus crisis for each category. *: p < 0.05