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Table 1 Prevalence of participation in gambling behaviours by gender, Grades 9 to 12 students in the Youth Gambling Survey (YGS) Saskatchewan, Ontario, and Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada, 2012-2013)

From: An examination of internet and land-based gambling among adolescents in three Canadian provinces: results from the youth gambling survey (YGS)

  Gambling Participation (past 3 months)  
  Male Female Total  
  (n = 4,937) (n = 5,098) (n = 10,035)  
Gambling Behaviours Played for Money %a %a %a Chi-Square
Internet Gambling     
Internet Poker 6.2 1.1b 3.6 X 2 = 34.1(1), p < 0.001
Sports Pools (e.g., Hockey, Baseball) Online 12.1 2.7 7.3 X 2 = 45.3(1), p < 0.001
Slot Machines Online 3.3 1.7b 2.5 X 2 = 4.7(1), p = 0.03
Overall Participation in Internet Gambling 15.3 3.7 9.4 X 2 = 34.5(1) p < 0.001
Land Based Gambling     
Sports Pools (e.g., Hockey, Baseball) Not Online 14.2 3.9 9.0 X 2 = 132.5(1), p < 0.001
Slot Machines Not Online 2.7b NR 1.9b X 2 = 5.70(1) p = 0.02
Arcade or Video Games 14.5 5.1 9.7 X 2 = 140.9(1), p < 0.001
Sport Select (e.g., Pro Line, Over/Under) 12.3b 2.2b 7.2 X 2 = 46.7(1), p < 0.001
Lottery Tickets (e.g., 6/49, Super 7) 10.8 8.5 9.6 X 2 = 5.5(1) p = 0.02
Instant-Win or Scratch Tickets 14.2 13.3 13.8 X 2 = 0.6(1) p = 0.44
Cards (e.g., Poker, Black Jack) 14.4 3.2b 8.7 X 2 = 68.7(1), p < 0.001
Board Games or Dice 9.5 2.2b 5.8 X 2 = 51.5(1), p < 0.001
Video Lottery Terminals 3.8 0.9b 2.4 X 2 = 20.0 (1), p < 0.001
Horse Races (at track or off-track) 3.8 2.1b 3.0 X 2 = 6.3(1), p = 0.01
Games of Skill (e.g., pool, darts, etc.) 16.6 8.4 12.4 X 2 = 172.2(1), p < 0.001
Dare or Challenge 24.5 19.8 22.1 X 2 = 29.2(1), p < 0.001
Bingo 6.5 7.0 6.8 X 2 = 1.06(1), p = 0.30
Internet Gambling Behaviours Played for Fun (no money)     
Internet Poker 14.6 3.8 9.1 X 2 = 81.8(1), p < 0.001
Internet Slots 6.6 3.3 4.9 X 2 = 33.6(1), p < 0.001
Gambling Games on Facebook 11.7 6.4b 9.0 X 2 = 14.0(1), p < 0.001
  1. aWeighted population estimate
  2. bModerate sampling variability, interpret with caution
  3. NRHigh sampling variability or low sample size, data are suppressed
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