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Table 3 Risk factors of serum 25(OH)D level among the participants

From: Vitamin D level and its association with adiposity among multi-ethnic adults in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: a cross sectional study

  Serum 25(OH)D p-value
Unstandardized B ± SE
Age 0.13 ± 0.03 <0.001
Gender −3.91 ± 0.38 <0.001
Ethnicity   
 Chinese Reference  
 Malay −8.87 ± 0.86 <0.001
 Indian −9.98 ± 1.12 <0.001
 Others −5.90 ± 2.85 0.039
Body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) −0.23 ± 0.05 <0.001
Fat percentage (%) −0.14 ± 0.04 0.002
Waist circumference (cm) −0.32 ± 0.02 0.152
PTH (pmol/L) −0.44 ± 0.09 <0.001
Physical activity (METs/min) 1.17 ± 0.33 0.929
Sun avoidance score −1.03 ± 0.27 <0.001
Sun exposure score 0.03 ± 0.53 0.955
Systolic blood pressure 0.03 ± 0.02 0.029
Diastolic blood pressure 0.02 ± 0.02 0.334
  1. Gender: Males = 1, Females = 2