Skip to main content

Table 2 Weighted mean serum 25(OH)D level of socio-demographic characteristics and adiposity indicators

From: Vitamin D level and its association with adiposity among multi-ethnic adults in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: a cross sectional study

Characteristics Serum 25(OH)D p-value
Weighted mean, \( \overline{x}\left(95\%\ \mathrm{C}\mathrm{I}\right) \)
Age (years)   
  < 30 16.76 (15.56 to 17.97) 0.001
 30–39 17.24 (16.36 to 18.11)
 40–49 17.81 (16.86 to 18.78)
  ≥ 50 20.69 (19.11 to 22.27)
Gender   
 Male 25.27 (23.41 to 27.14) <0.001
 Female 17.24 (16.68 to 17.80)
Ethnicity   
 Malay 16.57 (16.06 to 17.09) <0.001
 Chinese 25.44 (23.84 to 27.05)
 Indian 15.47 (13.98 to 16.96)
 Others 19.55 (14.18 to 24.92)
BMI (kg/m2)   
 Underweight (<17.5) 17.29 (14.15 to 20.43) <0.001
 Normal (17.5–22.9) 19.20 (18.23 to 20.17)
 Overweight (23.0–27.9) 18.30 (17.02 to 19.57)
 Obese (≥28.0) 16.56 (15.82 to 17.30)
Tertile BF %   
 Tertile 1 (≤24.77) 18.92 (17.58 to 20.27) 0.037
 Tertile 2 (24.78–31.62) 16.93 (15.83 to 18.02)
 Tertile 3 (≥31.63) 16.90 (15.92 to 17.88)
Waist circumferences (cm)   
Male   
  < 90 cm 26.06 (23.54 to 28.57) 0.227
  ≥ 90 cm 23.83 (21.20 to 26.46)
Female   
  < 80 cm 17.80 (17.01 to 18.59) 0.023
  ≥ 80 cm 16.51 (15.74 to 17.29)