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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for all study variables in the pre-recession and recession

From: The impact of economic recession on the association between youth unemployment and functional somatic symptoms in adulthood: a difference-in-difference analysis from Sweden

Variables Pre-recession Recession p *
Unemployment (21 to 25 years old), (n=) %
 No unemployment 840 83.9 430 62.7 <0.01b
 Unemployment 161 16.1 256 37.3  
Functional somatic symptoms, Mean (SD)
 Adulthood 986 4.24 (3.31) 671 3.94 (3.27) 0.07 a
 Youth 966 2.82 (2.51) 662 3.52 (2.98) <0.01b
Gender,(n=) %
 Women 482 48.1 340 49.6 0.57b
 Men 519 51.9 346 50.4  
Doing what they want, (n=) %
 Yes 417 42.1 248 36.2 0.02b
 No 573 57.9 438 63.8  
Parents’ occupational class, (n=) %
 Both parents white-collar workers 300 30.0 298 43.8 <0.01b
 One parent blue-collar worker 335 33.5 263 38.6  
 Both parents blue-collar workers 366 36.5 120 17.6  
Smoking, (n=) %
 No 627 63.1 448 66.1 0.21b
 Yes 367 36.9 230 33.9  
Living arrangement, (n=) %
 Parents 349 35.1 267 40.0 0.05b
 Alone, spouse or friends 645 64.9 402 60.0  
Time spent in education, (n=) %
 Compulsory school 127 12.8 104 15.2 <0.01b
 2 years’ secondary education 487 48.9 182 26.5  
 3–4 years’ secondary education 264 26.5 213 31.05  
 Higher education 118 11.9 187 27.3  
Income, (n=) %
 Own income 915 91.9 212 31.0 <0.01b
 Student loans 20 2.0 174 25.4  
 Parents or partners income 59 5.9 64 9.4  
 Social benefits 2 0.2 234 34.2  
Cash margin, (n=) %
 No 276 28.6 213 31.4 <0.01b
 Yes, own assets 477 49.4 320 47.2  
 Yes, loan 186 19.6 90 13.3  
 Yes, otherwise 27 2.8 55 8.1  
Outlook on the future, (n=) %
 Education 267 26.8 281 41.0 <0.01b
 Work 575 57.7 218 31.8  
 Unemployment, parental leave or other 154 15.5 186 27.2  
  1. *p-value of the difference between the pre-recession cohort and the recession cohort
  2. aT-test bChi2