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Table 3 Multiple logistic regression for long-term sick leave (LTSL) regressed on women and the effects of adjusting for mechanical and psychosocial working conditions (OR = odds ratio; 95 % CI = 95 % confidence interval)

From: Do work-related factors contribute to differences in doctor-certified sick leave? A prospective study comparing women in health and social occupations with women in the general working population

  LTSL
Initial modela OR (95 % CI)a % Changec
General working population (n = 2371 (17.9))b 1.0  
Health and social sector (n = 661 (24.1))b 1.42 (1.13–1.79)d  
Psychosocial factors
Violence and threats of violence 1.27 (0.99–1.61) −0.36
Emotional demands 1.32 (1.03–1.68) −0.25
Role conflict 1.39 (1.10–1.75) −0.08
Supportive leadership 1.40 (1.11–1.76) −0.05
Job demand 1.43 (1.14–1.79) 0.01
Job control 1.40 (1.11–1.76) −0.06
Bullying 1.42 (1.12–1.79) −0.002
Possibilities of development 1.41 (1.12–1.74) −0.03
All psychosocial factors 1.18 (0.92–1.52) −0.57
Mechanical factors
Neck flexion 1.42 (1.13–1.42) 0
Hand/arm repetition 1.47 (1.16–1.85) 0.12
Hands above shoulder 1.45 (1.16–1.83) 0.07
Squatting/kneeling 1.41 (1.22–1.73) −0.02
Standing 1.36 (1.08–1.71) −0.14
Upper body bent forward 1.35 (1.07–1.70) −0.16
Awkward lifting 1.33 (1.06–1.68) −0.21
Heavy lifting 1.37 (1.08–1.73) −0.12
All mechanical factors 1.32 (1.03–1.69) −0.24
All variables included 1.13 (0.87–1.48) −0.7
  1. aAdjusted for age, LTSL in 2009, education and working hours/week
  2. bNumber of respondents (cases of LTSL, %)
  3. cPercentage change in OR after comparing the initial OR with the further adjusted OR (i.e., the initial OR adjusted for work-related factors)
  4. d p = 0.003
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