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Table 2 Characteristics of the EQ-5D-3L index for diseases by severity level

From: Estimating the severity distribution of disease in South Korea using EQ-5D-3L: a cross-sectional study

No Disease Severity level Response number Mean SD Cut-off
1 Infectious disease Acute episode, mild 30 0.934 0.068 -
Acute episode, moderate 30 0.802 0.099 0.868
Acute episode, severe 30 0.521 0.236 0.661
2 Diarrhoea Mild 30 0.753 0.168 -
Moderate 30 0.644 0.203 0.699
Severe 30 0.353 0.287 0.498
3 Angina pectoris Mild 30 0.687 0.372 -
Moderate 30 0.663 0.318 0.675
Severe 30 0.506 0.324 0.585
4 Heart failure Mild 30 0.793 0.184 -
Moderate 30 0.688 0.236 0.741
Severe 30 0.478 0.206 0.583
5 Stroke Long-term consequences, mild 30 0.567 0.276 -
Long-term consequences, moderate 30 0.491 0.287 0.529
Long-term consequences, moderate plus cognition problems 30 0.311 0.348 0.401
Long-term consequences, severe 30 −0.035 0.197 0.138
Long-term consequences, severe plus cognition problems 30 −0.092 0.139 −0.064
6 Asthma Controlled 30 0.956 0.072 -
Partially controlled 30 0.849 0.139 0.902
Uncontrolled 30 0.717 0.228 0.783
7 COPD & other respiratory problems Mild 30 0.929 0.108 -
Moderate 30 0.742 0.191 0.835
Severe 30 0.620 0.245 0.681
8 Dementia Mild 30 0.840 0.175 -
Moderate 30 0.648 0.223 0.744
Severe 30 0.181 0.407 0.415
9 Multiple sclerosis Mild 30 0.785 0.153 -
Moderate 30 0.648 0.197 0.717
Severe 30 0.556 0.266 0.602
10 Epilepsy Treated, seizure free 30 0.686 0.207 -
Treated, with recent seizure 30 0.545 0.225 0.615
Untreated 30 0.542 0.258 0.544
Severe 30 0.345 0.303 0.443
11 Parkinson’s disease Mild 30 0.849 0.127 -
Moderate 30 0.686 0.191 0.767
Severe 30 0.344 0.333 0.515
12 Alcohol use disorder Mild 30 0.755 0.220 -
Moderate 30 0.730 0.207 0.743
Severe 30 0.494 0.247 0.612
13 Fetal alcohol syndrome Mild 30 0.850 0.136 -
Moderate 30 0.731 0.135 0.79
Severe 30 0.426 0.256 0.579
14 Anxiety disorder Mild 30 0.927 0.080 -
Moderate 30 0.835 0.117 0.881
Severe 30 0.612 0.282 0.723
15 Major depressive disorder Mild 30 0.813 0.157 -
Moderate 30 0.436 0.345 0.624
Severe 30 0.159 0.366 0.298
16 Intellectual disability Mild 30 0.662 0.311 -
Moderate 30 0.685 0.215 0.673
Severe 30 0.444 0.291 0.564
Profound 30 0.383 0.286 0.414
17 Hearing loss Mild 30 0.877 0.167 -
Moderate 30 0.720 0.204 0.799
Severe 30 0.710 0.170 0.715
Profound 30 0.528 0.206 0.619
Complete 30 0.366 0.312 0.447
18 Hearing loss with ringing Mild 30 0.675 0.319 -
Moderate 30 0.635 0.248 0.655
Severe 30 0.528 0.317 0.581
Profound 30 0.454 0.282 0.491
Complete 30 0.368 0.287 0.411
19 Distant vision Mild impairment 30 0.949 0.109 -
Moderate impairment 30 0.719 0.199 0.834
Severe impairment 30 0.429 0.333 0.574
Blindness 30 0.221 0.296 0.325
20 Low back pain Acute without leg pain 30 0.446 0.363 -
Acute with leg pain 30 0.308 0.357 0.377
Chronic without leg pain 30 0.342 0.351 0.325
Chronic with leg pain 30 0.188 0.272 0.265
21 Neck pain Acute mild 30 0.694 0.169 -
Acute severe 30 0.504 0.28 0.599
Chronic mild 30 0.544 0.209 0.524
Chronic severe 30 0.361 0.323 0.453
22 Musculoskeletal problems: leg Mild 30 0.786 0.068 -
Moderate 30 0.726 0.057 0.756
Severe 30 0.539 0.185 0.633
23 Musculoskeletal problems: arms Mild 30 0.438 0.354 -
Moderate 30 0.317 0.320 0.377
24 Musculoskeletal problems: generalised Moderate 30 0.360 0.314 -
Severe 30 0.111 0.307 0.235
25 Abdominopelvic problem Mild 30 0.882 0.063 -
Moderate 30 0.699 0.156 0.791
Severe 30 0.238 0.250 0.469
26 Disfigurement Level 1 30 0.866 0.093 -
Level 2 30 0.736 0.186 0.801
Level 3 30 0.662 0.26 0.699
27 Disfigurement: with itch or pain Level 1 30 0.721 0.183 -
Level 2 30 0.551 0.255 0.636
Level 3 30 0.145 0.272 0.348
28 Motor impairment Mild 30 0.817 0.151 -
Moderate 30 0.648 0.151 0.733
Severe 30 0.129 0.330 0.389
29 Motor plus cognitive impairment Mild 30 0.622 0.236 -
Moderate 30 0.394 0.335 0.508
Severe 30 −0.004 0.237 0.195
30 Traumatic brain injury long-term consequences, minor with or without treatment 30 0.513 0.254 -
long-term consequences, moderate with or without treatment 30 0.161 0.279 0.337
long-term consequences, severe with or without treatment 30 −0.001 0.319 0.080
31 Anemia Mild 60 0.802 0.287 -
Moderate 60 0.596 0.313 0.699
Severe 60 0.416 0.335 0.506
32 Allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis Mild 30 0.694 0.288 -
Moderate 30 0.645 0.269 0.670
33 Annoyance Mild 30 0.805 0.264 -
Severe 30 0.676 0.305 0.740
34 Sleep disturbance Mild 30 0.894 0.111 -
Severe 30 0.807 0.208 0.851
35 Cognitive impairment in children Mild 30 0.838 0.258 -
Severe 30 0.816 0.181 0.827
  1. SD standard deviation, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease