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Table 4 Proportion of stigma and discrimination among MMT patients

From: Drug addiction stigma in relation to methadone maintenance treatment by different service delivery models in Vietnam

  Provincial District All p-value
N % N % N %
1. Blame, judge 46 19.7 119 16.4 165 17.2 0.25
2. Shame 66 28.5 124 17.2 190 19.9 <0.01
3. Discrimination        
 Work place 12 4.4 13 1.7 25 2.5 0.01
 Health care services 9 3.3 8 1.1 17 1.7 0.01
 Family 8 3.0 16 2.1 24 2.4 0.45
 Community 42 15.6 79 10.6 121 11.9 0.03
4. Disclosure        
 Spouse 109 40.4 483 64.8 592 58.3 <0.01
 Parents 133 49.3 379 50.8 512 50.4 0.66
 Relatives 53 19.6 229 30.7 282 27.8 <0.01
 Friends 59 21.9 237 31.8 296 29.1 <0.01
 Health workers 72 26.7 307 41.2 379 37.3 <0.01
 Peer educators 38 14.1 107 14.3 145 14.3 0.91
5. Others’ fears of HIV 5 22.7 9 15.0 14 17.1 0.41