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Table 3 Primary and secondary outcomes and hypothesized direction of change

From: Creating opportunities through mentorship, parental involvement, and safe spaces (COMPASS) program: multi-country study protocol to protect girls from violence in humanitarian settings

  Hypothesized direction of change Source of measure
Girl Primary Outcomes
Past-Year Sexual Violence Decrease Adapted from CDC Violence Against Children Survey [39]
Girl Secondary Outcomes (Slight variations by country)
Past-Year Positive Interpersonal Relationships Increase Adapted from CDC Violence Against Children Survey [39] & Sisters of Success Liberia survey [40]
Past-Year Early Marriage Decrease Adapted from CDC Violence Against Children Survey [39]
Past-Year Physical Violence & Emotional and Verbal Abuse Decrease Adapted from IPSCAN Child Abuse Screening Tools [41]
Self-Esteem Increase Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale [42]
Gender Equitable Norms Increase Gender Relationship Scale [43]
Hope and Future Orientation Increase Children’s Hope Scale [44]
Accepting Attitudes towards domestic violence Decrease Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Domestic Violence Module [45]
Caregiver Outcomes (DRC Only)
Parental Acceptance Increase Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (Parent Short Form) [46]
Accepting Attitudes of Negative Discipline Decrease Adapted from Child Protection Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) in Liberia Survey [47]
Gender Equitable Norms Increase Gender Norms and Attitudes Scale [43]