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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Awareness and knowledge about human papillomavirus vaccination and its acceptance in China: a meta-analysis of 58 observational studies

Study Regiona Study instrumentb N Population (age) F/(F + M) Sampling method Ethnicity
     Range \( \overline{\mathrm{x}}\pm \mathrm{s} \) Groupc    
Huang He, 2013 [33] CLDA Q 470 NA 20.09 ± 1.33 CS 0.504 Randomized Han
Ma Xiaojing, 2013 [12] EDA IAQ 1451 NA 45.1 ± 10.8 A 1 Convenience Mixed
He Mei, 2011 [41] CLDA Q 10,611 18–82 38.02 ± 9.57 A 1 Convenience Han
Cui Bo, 2010 [13] EDA IAQ 1160 15–59 35.66 ± 11.72 A 1 Randomized Mixed
He Xin, 2010 [29] NA SAQ 903 16–26 19.14 ± 1.01 CS 0.52 Cluster Han
Xu Jing, 2014 [11] CLDA Q 353 18–24 20.96 CS 0.683 Cluster Han
Feng Suwen, 2010 [46] EDA Q 1432 18–50 35.3 A 1 Cluster Han
Yan Jun, 2013 [43] WUDA IAQ 1681 30–49 NA A 1 Cluster Han
Long Xiange, 2011 [21] EDA Q 286 NA 18.5 CS NA Convenience Han
Hu Haishan, 2014 [28] EDA Q 542 31–60 41.57 ± 5.77 P 0.685 Cluster Mixed
Wu Ying, 2011 [25] EDA IAQ 489 15–50 NA A 1 Randomized Han
Li Juan, 2011 [14] EDA IAQ 160 NA 36.55 ± 9.59 A 0.738 Randomized Mixed
Fan Baojian, 2009 [23] EDA Q 962 19–72 43.38 ± 8.29 A 1 Cluster Mixed
Xiao Wei, 2009 [45] NA Q 378 21–74 36.19 A 1 Convenience Han
Wang Xuemin, 2012 [15] WUDA IAQ 2269 25–73 43.54 ± 7.67 A 1 Cluster Han
Shao Shujuan, 2013 [17] EDA Q 594 ≤60 36.02 ± 10.54 A 1 Randomized Han
Xu Wenyu, 2013 [18] EDA Q 3000 20–30   A 1 Convenience Han
Ma Dong, 2013 [40] NA Q 258 17–24 19.23 ± 0.89 CS 0.55 Cluster Han
Zhou Lixia, 2011 [42] EDA IAQ 752 16–55 NA A 1 Randomized Han
Huang Yanhua, 2014 [39] EDA Q 378 15–50 NA A 0.5 Randomized Han
Wang Haiqiu, 2011 [31] CLDA Q 257 20–53 33.6 ± 0.5 A 1 Randomized Han
Ma Dong, 2012 [30] CLDA Q 198 20–54 31.8 ± 7.0 A 0.89 Convenience Han
Yao Chenglian, 2012 [19] EDA Q 1198 16–65 NA A 1 Convenience Han
Xamxinuer Ablimit, 2009 [26] WUDA Q 245 23–85 48.8 A 1 Convenience Mixed
Xu Lina, 2013 [22] NA Q 1666 15–59 NA A 1 Randomized Han
Zhang Hui, 2014 [37] CLDA Q 341 32–50 39.56 ± 3.47 P 0.63 Cluster Han
Yu Jing, 2013 [44] CLDA Q 750 15–59 35.75 ± 9.4 A 1 Randomized Han
Guzalnur Abduxkur, 2012 [32] WUDA IAQ 560 NA NA A 0 Convenience Mixed
Cai Jing, 2013 [24] WUDA Q 648 NA NA A 0 Randomized Mixed
Li Li, 2010 [27] WUDA Q 1989 16–59 NA A 1 Cluster Mixed
Ying Wen, 2014 [35] CLDA Q 1878 17–25 NA CS 0.679 Randomized Mixed
Zhang Shaokai, 2013 [38] NA Q 2895 NA 40.4 ± 4.68 P 0.628 Cluster Mixed
Wang Shaoming, 2014 [20] NA Q 3368 NA 19.82 ± 1.31 CS 0.51 Randomized Mixed
Yan Hong, 2013 [16] EDA SAQ 360 18–36 25.1 ± 3.5 A 1 Convenience Mixed
Li Jing, 2009 [34] NA Q 6024 14–59 34.6 ± 1.7 A 1 Cluster Han
Zhao Fanghui, 2012 [36] NA Q 11,681 NA 34 ± 11.8 A 0.705 Randomized Han
Ayizuoremu · mutailipu, 2015 [64] WUDA Q 1900 16–60 NA A 1 Cluster Mixed
Zeng Xiaomin, 2015 [55] EDA SAQ 2004 NA NA C 1 Cluster Han
Wang Ling, 2015 [49] CLDA Q 125 18–23 20.5 C 1 Convenience Han
Liu Qiong, 2015 [57] CLDA Q 590 14–20 15.34 ± 1.3 C 0.91 Convenience Han
She Qian, 2015 [59] EDA IAQ 209 19–45 NA A 1 Randomized Han
Chen Ling, 2015 [50] NA IAQ 300 21–28 24 ± 0.8 C 1 Randomized Han
Cheng Lihong, 2015 [51] EDA Q 1256 19–55 NA A 1 Convenience Han
Zhu Qiaoyang, 2015 [58] EDA Q 362 18–66 42.2 ± 6.3 A 1 Convenience Han
Lei Juhong, 2015 [61] EDA Q 300 15–64 NA A NA Randomized Han
Zhao Bixia, 2015 [63] CLDA Q 138 25–50 NA A NA Convenience Han
Xie Wenliu, 2015 [48] CLDA Q 192 15–70 NA A 0.51 Convenience Han
Zhou Yanqiu, 2015 [47] EDA SAQ 600 ≥21 NA A NA Convenience Han
Meng Liping, 2015 [60] EDA SAQ 1652 20–65 38.09 ± 8.21 A NA Cluster Han
Zou Huachun, 2015 [53] EDA SAQ 368 NA NA A 0 Convenience Han
Zou Huachun, 2015 [52] EDA SAQ 351 16–25 NA C 0.524 Cluster Mixed
Gu Can, 2015 [62] CLDA Q 117 19–23 20.8 ± 1 C 1 Convenience Han
Wang Wei, 2015 [56] EDA Q 360 NA 41.77 ± 3.33 P 0.522 Cluster Mixed
Abida Abudukadeer, 2015 [65] WUDA IAQ 5000 20–51 NA A 1 Convenience Mixed
Zhang Shaokai, 2015 [54] CLDA Q 2895 NA 40.4 ± 4.68 P 0.628 Cluster Mixed
Pan Xiongfei, 2015 [66] CLDA Q 1878 17–25 20.8 ± 1.3 C 0.679 Convenience Mixed
Fu Chunjing, 2015 [67] CLDA SAQ 605 18–26 21.6 ± 1 C 0.689 Randomized Mixed
Hu Shangying, 2105 [68] EDA IAQ 316 18–25 23.2 ± 1.7 C 1 Cluster Han
  1. a EDA eastern developed areas, such as Beijing (city), Tianjin (city), Shanghai (city), Dalian (city), Shandong(province), Jinan(city), Zhejiang(province), Hangzhou(city), Ningbo(city), Jiangsu(province), Wuxi(city), Guangdong(province), Guangzhou(city), Shenzhen(city), Dongguan(city), Zhongshan(city), CLDA central less derdeveloped areas, such as Liaoning(province), Tangshan(city), Xi’an(city), Wuhan(city), Hunan(province), Hengyang(city), Chongqing(city), Chengdu(city), Yunnan(province), National, southwest China, WUDA western or undeveloped areas, such as Gansu, Xinjiang and Shanxi
  2. b IAQ interview-administered questionnaire, SAQ self-administered questionnaire, N not specified questionnaire
  3. c A adults, P parents, CS college students
  4. NA not available