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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of sample. Values are frequency (%) unless otherwise stated

From: The HAPPY (Healthy and Active Parenting Programmme for early Years) feasibility randomised control trial: acceptability and feasibility of an intervention to reduce infant obesity

Variable All Intervention Control
N = 120 N = 59 N = 61
Socio-demographic    
Woman’s BMI: Mean (SD) 29.7 (4.8) 29.5 (4.7) 30.0 (4.9)
Missing 3 (2.5) 1 (1.6) 2 (3.3)
First child 36 (30.0) 20 (33.9) 16 (26.2)
Marital status    
 Married/cohabiting 99 (82.5) 46 (78.0) 53 (86.9)
 Single/lives alone 21 (17.5) 13 (22.0) 8 (13.1)
Ethnicity    
 Pakistani 55 (45.8) 29 (49.2) 26 (42.6)
 White British 35 (29.2) 19 (32.2) 16 (26.2)
 Other 28 (23.3) 11 (18.6) 17 (28.9)
 Missing 2 (1.67) 0 2 (3.3)
Country Woman born in    
 UK 78 (65.0) 41 (69.5) 37 (60.7)
 Pakistan 21 (17.5) 10 (17.0) 11 (18.0)
 Other South Asian country 8 (6.7) 4 (6.8) 4 (6.6)
 Other country 13 (10.8) 4 (6.8) 9 (14.8)
Age moved to UK (if not born in UK) 18.1 (8.9) 14.3 (10.0) 21.0 (6.9)
Woman’s education    
  < 5 GCSEs 18 (15.0) 7 (11.9) 11 (18.0)
 5+ GCSEs 37 (30.8) 21 (35.6) 16 (26.2)
 A level 21 (17.5) 12 (20.3) 9 (14.8)
 Degree level 37 (30.8) 17 (28.8) 20 (32.8)
 Other 7 (5.8) 2 (3.4) 5 (8.2)
Smoked during pregnancy 20 (16.7) 10 (17.0) 10 (16.4)
Maternal physical activity (sitting time)
Hours spent sitting each week day: Median (IQR) 4.7 (3.0, 7.5) 4.0 (3.0, 7.3) 5.2 (2.9, 8.0)
Hours spent sitting each weekend day: Median (IQR) 5.0 (3.0, 7.0) 4.8 (2.7, 7.0) 5.5 (3.3, 7.5)
Maternal physical activity recall (PAR)    
Energy expenditure per day (calories): Mean (SD) 2623 (461) 2579 (463) 2672 (459)
Missing 20 6 14
Maternal diet    
Daily fruit and vegetable intake (portions): Median (IQR) 6.0 (4.0, 9.0) 6.0 (4.0, 9.0) 6.0 (4.0, 8.0)
Missing 0 1 (1.6) 1 (0.8)
Foods present in the home (% present)    
 Fruit 118 (98.3) 58 (98.3) 60 (98.4)
 Vegetables 119 (99.2) 59 (100.0) 60 (98.4)
 Snacks 115 (95.8) 54 (91.5) 61 (100.0)
 Fizzy drinks (exc. diet drinks) 101 (84.2) 48 (81.4) 53 (86.9)
Quantity of foods present in the home (portions present)    
 Fruit: Mean (SD) 6.8 (3.1) 6.4 (2.6) 7.2 (3.5)
 Vegetables: Mean (SD) 6.4 (2.8) 6.3 (2.9) 6.6 (2.7)
 Snacks: Mean (SD) 3.9 (1.8) 3.8 (1.9) 4.0 (1.9)
 Fizzy drinks (exc. diet drinks): Mean (SD) 1.5 (0.2) 1.4 (1.0) 1.4 (1.0)