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Table 4 Associations between parental perceptions of the neighborhood environment and children’s moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity before and after school, and on the weekend

From: Perceived and objective neighborhood support for outside of school physical activity in South African children

Perceptions MVPA
Before After Weekend
β (SE)a P-value for main effect P-value for SES interaction β (SE)a P-value for main effect P-value for SES interaction β (SE)a P-value for main effect P-value for SES interaction
Unsafe neighborhood −0.7 (0.10) 0.485 0.703 −0.37 (0.42) 0.383 0.649 −0.73 (0.76) 0.339 0.907
Traffic safety 0.14 (0.17) 0.430 0.511 −0.32 (0.70) 0.644 0.599 −0.81 (1.28) 0.526 0.807
Walkability 0.13 (0.11) 0.241 0.184 0.70 (0.43) 0.105 0.138 0.61 (0.79) 0.438 0.358
Social cohesion −0.05 (0.04) 0.205 0.954 −0.01 (0.17) 0.955 0.927 −0.06 (0.31) 0.853 0.795
Availability of PA facilitiesb 1.50 (0.51) 0.003 0.005 0.96 (2.26) 0.672 0.926 −1.57 (4.18) 0.706 0.244
  1. Data reported as beta coefficient and SE
  2. PA physical activity, MVPA moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity, SES socio-economic status
  3. aAssociations between each independent variable and the dependent variable, adjusted for child age and sex, SES, and clustering by school
  4. bNumber of PA facilities within a ~10 min walk from home. Values in bold indicate significance (p < 0.05)