Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the Sample and CES-D Categories

From: Methamphetamine use is associated with high levels of depressive symptoms in adolescents and young adults in Rural Chiang Mai Province, Thailand

Baseline Characteristics High Levels of Depressive Symptoms Low Levels of Depressive Symptoms All p-value
N = 182 N = 1873 N = 2,055
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Gender
 Males 64 (35.2 %) 987 (52.7 %) 1051 (51.1 %) <0.05
Age
 14–17 58 (31.9 %) 750 (40.0 %) 808 (39.3 %)  
 18–29 124 (68.1 %) 1123 (60.0 %) 1247 (60.7 %) <0.05
Residence
 Parent’s house 145 (79.7 %) 1441 (76.9 %) 1586 (77.2 %)  
 Other 37 (20.3 %) 432 (23.1 %) 469 (22.8 %) 0.401
Marital status
 Single, widowed, separated, divorced 133 (73.1 %) 1491 (79.6 %) 1624 (79.0 %)  
 Currently married or cohabitating 49 (26.9 %) 382 (20.4 %) 431 (21.0 %) <0.05
Religion
 Buddhism 181 (99.5 %) 1850 (98.8 %) 2031 (98.8 %) ____
Ethnicity
 Thai 182 (100 %) 1871 (99.9 %) 2053 (99.9 %) ____
Current school attendance
 Yes 89 (48.9 %) 1123 (60.0 %) 1212 (59 %)a <0.05
Employment status
 Full-time, part-time, irregular work 88 (48.4 %) 738 (41.0 %) 817 (41.4 %)b 0.236
MA Use
 Lifetime use 46 (25.3 %) 348 (18.6 %) 394 (19.2 %) <0.05
 Recent use 20 (3.5 %) 104 (29.9 %) 124 (31.5 %)c <0.10
Illicit Substances
 Lifetime use 41 (22.5 %) 341 (18.2 %) 382 (18.5 %) 0.15
 Recent Use 5 (12.2 %) 74 (21.7 %) 79 (20.7 %)d 0.16
Alcohol Consumption
 Lifetime use 131 (72.0 %) 1370 (73.1 %) 1501 (73.0 %) 0.74
 Recent use 85 (64.9 %)e 858 (62.6 %) 943 (62.8 %)e 0.61
  1. Table 1 describes the distributions of the general characteristics of the total sample and two subpopulations of the sample defined by high and low depressive symptoms based on the recommended. Thai cutoff of ≥ 22. Recent MA and polydrug use is defined as the proportion of lifetime users reporting recent substance use. Illicit substances is defined as all other illicit substances other than MA and includes use of one or more of the following: heroin, opium, valium, domicum, barbiturates, marijuana, ketamine, glue and kratom
  2. p-values indicate chi-squared test for independence between high/low levels of depressive symptoms and sample characteristics. Frequencies and proportions of study participants reporting recent drug or alcohol use are subsets of participants who reported lifetime use
  3. a n = 2054
  4. b n = 1972
  5. c n = 394
  6. d n = 382
  7. e n = 1501