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Table 2 Comparison of nutritional status and other features between cases and controls Adami Tulu district: Bivariate analysis 2014 (N = 428)

From: Association between malaria and malnutrition among children aged under-five years in Adami Tulu District, south-central Ethiopia: a case–control study

Variables Cases Controls P-value
N (%) N (%)
Sex    
  Male 70 (65.42 %) 179 (55.76 %) 0.08
  female 37 (34.58 %) 142 (44.24 %)  
Age in months    
  6–24 50 (46.72 %) 116 (36.13 %) 0.05
  ≥25 57 (53.27 %) 205 (63.86 %)  
Severe wasting (WHZ < − 3) 14 (13.08 %) 12 (3.74 %) 0.01
Moderate wasting ( −3 ≤ WHZ < −2) 5 (4.67 %) 18 (5.61 %) 0.87
No-wasting (WHZ ≥ −2) 88 (82.24 %) 291 (90.65 %)  
Severe stunting ( HAZ < −3) 29 (27.10 %) 78 (24.30 %) 0.43
Moderate stunting ( −3 ≤ HAZ < −2) 25 (23.36 %) 67 (20.87 %) 0.45
No-stunting (HAZ ≥ −2) 53 (49.53) 176 (54.83 %)  
Severe underweight (WAZ < −3) 14 (13.10 %) 17 (5.30 %) 0.01
Moderate underweight (−3 ≤ WAZ < −2) 12 (11.21 %) 42 (13.10 %) 0.82
No underweight (WAZ ≥ −2) 81 (75.70 %) 262 (81.62 %)