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Table 3 Odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals (95 % CI) of skin lesions for women exposed to arsenic (As) with anemia, inflammation, iron depletion, and iron depletion in the presence of inflammation

From: A cross sectional study of anemia and iron deficiency as risk factors for arsenic-induced skin lesions in Bangladeshi women

Reference group Model 1* Model 2
OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Drinking water As
Anemia
Hemoglobin < 120 g/L 2.87 (1.16, 7.11) 3.32 (1.29, 8.52)
Hemoglobin ≥ 120 g/L Ref. - Ref. -
Inflammation
hs-CRP ≥10 mg/L 1.10 (0.36, 3.36) 1.11 (0.35, 3.52)
hs-CRP < 10 mg/L Ref. - Ref. -
Iron depletion
Ferritin ≤ 12 μg/L 1.20 (0.51, 2.84) 1.09 (0.44, 2.71)
Ferritin > 12 μg/L Ref. - Ref. -
Iron depletion w/inflammation
Ferritin < 50 μg/L and hs-CRP ≥ 10 mg/L 1.19 (0.54, 2.62) 1.03 (0.44, 2.39)
Ferritin ≥ 50 μg/L and hs-CRP < 10 mg/L Ref. - Ref. -
Toenail As
Anemia
Hemoglobin < 120 g/L 2.86 (1.08, 7.62) 3.16 (1.17, 8.56)
Hemoglobin ≥ 120 g/L Ref. - Ref. -
Inflammation
hs-CRP ≥10 mg/L 1.09 (0.33, 3.57) 1.03 (0.30, 3.49)
hs-CRP < 10 mg/L Ref. - Ref. -
Iron depletion
Ferritin ≤ 12 μg/L 0.73 (0.30, 1.78) 0.74 (0.29, 1.88)
Ferritin > 12 μg/L Ref. - Ref. -
Iron depletion w/inflammation
Ferritin < 50 μg/L and hs-CRP ≥10 mg/L 0.77 (0.36, 1.77) 0.72 (0.30, 1.75)
Ferritin ≥ 50 μg/L and hs-CRP <10 mg/L Ref. - Ref. -
  1. *Model 1 only adjusts for arsenic exposure
  2. Model 2 adjusts for arsenic exposure, age, educational status, and body mass index