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Table 3 Quality assessment of theory studies

From: What is positive youth development and how might it reduce substance use and violence? A systematic review and synthesis of theoretical literature

Paper Clarity of constructs Clarity of relationship between constructs Testability Parsimony Generalisability Total score
CB/JT KH CB/JT KH CB/JT KH CB/JT KH CB/JT KH CB/JT KH
Benson et al. [19] 0 0.5 0 0.5 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2
Benson [18] 0 0.5 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 3 0.5
Benson et al. [20] 1 0 0.5 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 3.5 1
Benson et al. [21] 0 1 0 0.5 1 1 0 0 1 1 2 3.5
Berg et al. [22] 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 5
Busseri et al. [23] 1 1 0.5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4.5 5
Catalano et al. [24] 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 0 1 0 1 1 4 2
Ginwright and Cammarota [25] 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 3 0
Kia-Keating et al. [26] 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 4
Kim et al. [27] 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 5
Lee [28] 0 0 0 0.5 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1.5
Lerner and Lerner [29] 1 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4.5 4.5
Lerner et al. [30] 1 0 1 0.5 1 0 1 0 1 1 5 1.5
Perkins et al. [31] 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 1
Roth and Brooks-Gunn [12] 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 4 3
Schwartz et al. [32] 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 5 0
These scores were agreed between KH and JT
Ginwright and Cammarota [25] 0 0 0 1 1 2
Perkins et al. [31] 1 1 0 0 1 3
Roth and Brooks-Gunn [12] 1 1 0 1 1 4
  1. Key: 1 = Yes, 0.5 = Partial, 0 = No