Skip to main content

Table 4 Comparisons of adverse childhood experiences and family dysfunction among FEWs with a lower and higher level of psychological distress

From: HIV risk and psychological distress among female entertainment workers in Cambodia: a cross-sectional study

Adverse childhood experiences and family dysfunction Total Total GHQ-12 score
(n = 657) ≤3 (n = 373) >3 (n = 284) p-value*
Adverse childhood experiences
Physically hurt that needed medical care 171 (26.0) 72 (19.3) 99 (34.9) <0.001
Family member said hurtful or insulting things to 166 (25.3) 67 (18.0) 99 (34.9) <0.001
Someone touched in a sexual way 129 (19.6) 58 (15.5) 71 (25.0) 0.003
Had someone to take care of or protect 562 (85.5) 332 (89.0) 230 (81.0) 0.004
Someone in family made me feel that I was loved 593 (90.3) 341 (91.4) 252 (88.7) 0.25
Family dysfunction
Parent or guardian had been physically abused 184 (28.0) 75 (20.1) 109 (38.4) <0.001
Family member was a problem drinker/drug user 243 (37.0) 115 (30.8) 128 (45.2) <0.001
Family member had been depressed/mentally ill 161 (24.5) 64 (17.2) 97 (34.2) <0.001
Parents ever been separated or divorced 124 (18.9) 65 (17.4) 59 (20.8) 0.39
Family member had been to prison 47 (7.2) 18 (4.8) 29 (10.2) 0.008
  1. Abbreviations: FEWs female entertainment workers, GHQ general health questionnaire
  2. Values are number (%)
  3. *Chi-square test was used