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Table 4 Stroke burden attributable to high blood pressure and body mass index (BMI) in males and females, Agincourt sub-district, South Africa, 2010

From: Burden of stroke attributable to selected lifestyle risk factors in rural South Africa

  Males Females Males Females
  SBP BMI
Age group YLL DALYs YLL DALYs YLL DALYs YLL DALYs
25–29 4.8 6.4 30.3 31.7 1.2 1.6 29.7 31.1
30–34 3.9 5.1 7.3 9.1 1.3 1.8 6.8 8.5
35–39 24.1 25.0 13.7 15.7 7.2 7.4 10.7 12.4
40–44 17.6 18.3 38.0 40.0 6.8 7.1 30.4 32.0
45–49 0.0 1.4 31.1 32.8 0.0 0.7 22.4 23.6
50–54 33.3 35.0 51.6 53.5 10.4 11.0 32.4 33.5
55–59 23.6 24.7 36.0 38.1 7.1 7.4 20.0 21.2
60–64 10.5 11.3 21.1 22.6 2.9 3.1 12.4 13.2
65–69 24.3 24.9 37.6 38.9 5.8 6.0 16.7 17.3
70–74 12.6 13.1 30.3 31.4 3.0 3.1 14.7 15.2
75–79 5.3 5.4 21.6 22.3 0.7 0.7 7.8 8.1
80+ 5.6 5.7 36.9 38.1 1.1 1.1 9.1 9.4
25+ 165.5 170.7 355.4 225.5 47.5 51.0 213.2 225.5
  1. The table shows the number of years of life and DALY loss due to premature mortality that could have been prevented by shifting the population exposure distributions of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and body-mass index (BMI) from the current distribution observed in Agincourt to distributions that have been shown to be more clinically beneficial (optimal distribution). Those distributions will have means (SD) of 115 (6) mmHg and 23 (1) kg/m2 for SBP and BMI respectively