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Table 3 Adjusted odds of using cessation assisted treatment among U.S. adultsa who received 5A’s interventions—National Adult Tobacco Survey, 2009–2010

From: Receipt of evidence-based brief cessation interventions by health professionals and use of cessation assisted treatments among current adult cigarette-only smokers: National Adult Tobacco Survey, 2009–2010

  Counselingb Medicationc Combination of counseling and medicationd
  % (95 % CI) ORe (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) ORe (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) ORe (95 % CI)
5A’s       
 Received all 5 31.7 (24.7–39.5)f 11.2 (7.1–17.5)f 46.8 (38.3–55.4)f 6.2 (4.3–9.0)f 29.0 (22.3–36.8)f 14.6 (9.3–23.0)f
 Received any 4 9.7 (7.9–11.7)f 2.4 (1.6–3.5)f 25.3 (22.6–28.3)f 2.2 (1.7–2.8)f 8.2 (6.6–10.1)f 2.9 (2.0–4.4)f
 Received any 3 7.2 (5.2–9.9)f 1.8 (1.2–2.9)f 20.8 (16.8–25.5)f 1.8 (1.3–2.5)f 5.5 (3.8–7.9)f 2.0 (1.3–3.3)f
 Received any 2 4.6 (3.2–6.6) 1.2 (0.7–1.9) 14.3 (11.7–17.4) 1.1 (0.8–1.5) 3.1 (2.0–4.8) 1.2 (0.7–2.0)
 Received any 1 or 0 3.8 (2.8–5.1) Ref 12.4 (10.5–14.6) Ref 2.6 (1.9–3.5) Ref
Sex       
 Men 6.8 (5.6–8.4) Ref 18.2 (16.0–20.7) Ref 5.3 (4.2–6.6) Ref
 Women 8.5 (7.4–9.8) 1.2 (0.9–1.6) 20.8 (19.1–22.7) 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 7.1 (6.0–8.3)f 1.3 (1.0–1.8)
Age (years)       
 18–24 2.9 (1.7–5.0) Ref 10.4 (7.2–14.7) Ref g Ref
 25–34 5.4 (3.8–7.5)f 1.7 (0.8–3.5) 17.2 (14.3–20.7)f 1.5 (1.0–2.5) 3.7 (2.6–5.2) 1.9 (0.8–4.3)
 35–54 9.5 (8.0–11.1)f 2.9 (1.6–5.3)f 23.2 (20.9–25.6)f 2.1 (1.4–3.3)f 7.9 (6.6–9.5) 4.0 (1.9–8.8)f
 55+ 8.8 (7.2–10.6)f 2.6 (1.4–4.8)f 19.0 (16.9–21.4)f 1.6 (1.0–2.5)f 7.4 (5.9–9.2) 3.5 (1.7–7.6)f
Race/ethnicity       
 White, non-Hispanic 7.8 (6.9–8.9) Ref 20.7 (19.2–22.4) Ref 6.4 (5.6–7.4) Ref
 Black, non-Hispanic 8.1 (5.4–12.1) 1.0 (0.6–1.7) 16.7 (12.8–21.5) 0.7 (0.5–1.0) 5.6 (3.6–8.4) 0.8 (0.5–1.3)
 Hispanic g 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 13.2 (8.0–20.9)f 0.6 (0.4–1.1) g 0.7 (0.3–1.5)
 Other, non-Hispanic 11.9 (8.0–17.3) 1.5 (1.0–2.4) 21.6 (16.2–28.1) 0.9 (0.7–1.4) 9.2 (5.8–14.3) 1.4 (0.8–2.4)
Education       
  < High school 7.3 (5.3–9.9) Ref 16.4 (12.8–20.7) Ref 6.1 (4.3–8.6) Ref
 High school diploma 7.4 (5.8–9.3) 1.1 (0.7–1.7) 17.7 (15.6–20.1) 1.1 (0.8–1.6) 5.8 (4.5–7.4) 1.0 (0.6–1.7)
 Some college 8.4 (7.0–9.9) 1.1 (0.8–1.7) 23.6 (21.3–26.2)f 1.6 (1.1–2.2)f 6.8 (5.5–8.3) 1.1 (0.7–1.8)
  ≥ College 8.2 (6.5–10.2) 1.21 (0.8–1.9) 19.8 (16.9–22.9) 1.3 (0.9–1.8) 6.6 (5.1–8.6) 1.2 (0.7–1.9)
  1. Note: Among current cigarette-only smokers who received each sub-set of the 5A’s, the overall percentage for those who received any one or none of the 5A’s was 33.6 % (31.8–35.5); any two was 18.3 % (16.9–19.7); any three was 13.9 % (12.6–15.3); any four was 28.1 % (26.5–29.7); and all five was 6.1 % (5.0–7.1)
  2. aCurrent cigarette-only smokers who had seen a health professional in the past 12 months
  3. bCounseling refers to individual, group, or telephone quitline counseling
  4. cMedication refers to nicotine patch, nicotine gum, nicotine lozenges, nicotine nasal spray, a nicotine inhaler, or pills
  5. dPrevalence of use of counseling and medication
  6. eAdjusted odds ratios. Logistic regression compared those who reported receiving all 5 A’s, any 4 A’s, any 3 A’s, any 2 A’s with those who reported receiving only 1 or 0 A’s
  7. fItems are statistical significance (p < 0.05)
  8. gEstimate may not be reliable due to relative standard error >30 %