Skip to main content

Table 3 Characteristics of pre-intervention pregnant women/mothers and post-intervention mothers

From: Knowledge, attitude and practices: assessing maternal and child health care handbook intervention in Vietnam

  Pre-intervention in 2011 Post-intervention in 2013a Chi-square test
Pregnant womenb (N = 800) Mothers of children <3 years of ageb (N = 800) Dien Bien (n = 200) Hoa Binh (n = 200) Thanh Hoa (n = 210) An Giang (n = 200) Total (N = 810) Chi-square P-value
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Antenatal care seeking behavior
Knowledge: Know a need for ≥3 ANC visits
 Know 735 (91.9 %) [n.a.] [n.a.] 179 (89.5 %) 186 (93.0 %) 202 (96.0 %) 192 (96.0 %) 759 (93.7 %) 2.0132 0.1559
 Don’t know 65 (8.1 %) [n.a.] [n.a.] 21 (10.5 %) 14 (7.0 %) 8 (4.0 %) 8 (4.0 %) 51 (6.3 %)   
Attitude: Will take/took MCH Handbook for ANC visits a
 Always [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 132 (66.0 %) 169 (84.5 %) 154 (74.8 %) 159 (79.5 %) 618 (76.2 %) [n.a.] [n.a.]
 Sometimes [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 18 (9.0 %) 11 (5.5 %) 2 (1.0 %) 5 (2.5 %) 36 (4.4 %)   
 Probably, will forget or won’t do [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 50 (25.0 %) 20 (10.0 %) 51 (24.3 %) 36 (18.0 %) 157 (19.4 %)   
Practice 1: Made ≥3 ANC visits, in practice
 Made ≥ 3 ANC visits [n.a.] [n.a.] 540 (67.5 %) 179 (89.5 %) 186 (93.0 %) 202 (96.2 %) 192 (96.0 %) 747 (92.2 %) 151.85 < 0.001
 Made only < 3 ANC visits [n.a.] [n.a.] 260 (32.5 %) 21 (10.5 %) 14 (7.0 %) 8 (8 %) 8 (4.0 %) 63 (7.8 %)   
Practice 2: ≥3 ANC recorded in MCH Handbook by HWs a
 Fully or partially recorded [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 117 (58.5 %) 151 (75.5 %) 160 (76.2 %) 109 (54.5 %) 537 (66.3 %) [n.a.] [n.a.]
 Not recorded [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 81 (40.5 %) 44 (22.0 %) 49 (23.3 %) 89 (44.5 %) 254 (31.4 %)   
 Lost or misplaced MCH Handbook [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 2 (1.0 %) 5 (2.5 %) 1 (0.5 %) 2 (1.0 %) 19 (2.3 %)   
Breastfeeding practices
Knowledge: Know exclusive breastfeeding for 24 months
 Know 529 (66.1 %) [n.a.] [n.a.] 170 (85.0 %) 132 (66.0 %) 139 (66.2 %) 132 (66.1 %) 702 (86.7 %) 92.219 < 0.001
 Don’t know 271 (33.9 %) [n.a.] [n.a.] 30 (15.0 %) 68 (34.0 %) 71 (33.8 %) 68 (33.9 %) 108 (13.3 %)   
Attitude: Will take/took MCH Handbook for child health check a
 Always [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 170 (85.1 %) 147 (73.7 %) 146 (69.6 %) 153 (76.3 %) 617 (76.5 %) [n.a.] [n.a.]
 Sometimes [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 5 (2.3 %) 14 (7.0 %) 6 (3.0 %) 8 (4.1 %) 36 (4.2 %)   
 Probably, will forget or won’t do [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 25 (12.6 %) 60 (30.1 %) 58 (27.3 %) 39 (19.6 %) 157 (19.2 %)   
Practice 1: Exclusively breastfed infant for ≥6 months, in practice
 Exclusively breastfed for ≥ 6 months [n.a.] [n.a.] 146 (18.3 %) 138 (69.1 %) 145 (72.5 %) 153 (73.0 %) 172 (86.1 %) 607 (74.9 %) 519.53 < 0.001
 Exclusively breastfed < 6 months [n.a.] [n.a.] 654 (81.7 %) 62 (30.9 %) 55 (27.5 %) 57 (27.0 %) 28 (13.9 %) 203 (25.1 %)   
Practice 2: Exclusive breastfeeding recorded in MCH Handbook by mothers a
 Fully or partially recorded [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 160 (80.0 %) 161 (80.5 %) 120 (57.1 %) 115 (57.5 %) 552 (68.1 %) [n.a.] [n.a.]
 Not recorded [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 38 (19.0 %) 34 (17.0 %) 89 (41.5 %) 83 (41.5 %) 239 (29.5 %)   
 Lost or misplaced MCH Handbook [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] [n.a.] 2 (1.0 %) 5 (2.5 %) 1 (1.0 %) 2 (1.0 %) 19 (2.3 %)   
  1. [Remarks]
  2. aMCH-Handbook-related variables were not measured in pre-intervention, as MCH Handbooks had not been distributed. Thus, Chi-square test was not conducted between pre- and post-interventions
  3. bThe data were collected from 800 pregnant women and 800 mothers with children under three-years of age randomly sampled in Dien Bien, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa,and An Giang