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Table 4 Risk factors associated with home delivery

From: Why mothers still deliver at home: understanding factors associated with home deliveries and cultural practices in rural coastal Kenya, a cross-section study

Variable Crude Risk ratios (95 % CI) P-value Adjusted Risk ratios (95 % CI) P-value
Age in years 1.04 (1.02 to 1,07) <0.0001 1.06 (0.99 to 1.23) 0.10
Partners age in years 1.02 (1.01 to 1.04) 0.009 0.98 (0.93 to 1.03) 0.46
Marital Status     
   Married 1.0 Reference   
   Divorced 1.41 (0.63 to 3.14) 0.40   
   Widowed 1.94 (0.85 to 4.40) 0.11   
   Single/never married 0.81 (0.36 to 1.80) 0.60   
Type of marriage     
   Monogamy 1.0 Reference 1.0 Reference
   Polygamy 1.99 (1.40 to 2.85) <0.0001 1.30 (0.75 to 2.23) 0.35
Number of children     
   One child 1.0 Reference 1.0 Reference
   2 to 4 children 2.24 (1.35 to 3.73) 0.002 1.80 (0.92 to 3.50) 0.08
   5 children and above 3.27 (1.93 to 5.56) <0.0001 1.35 (0.56 to 3.26) 0.51
Religion     
   Christian 1.0 Reference   
   Muslim 1.06 (0.71 to 1.56) 0.78   
Level of education     
   None 1.0 Reference 1.0 Reference
   Primary level 0.64 (0.45 to 0.92) 0.02 0.89 (0.51 to 1.58) 0.71
   Secondary level 0.43 (0.24 to 0.78) 0.005 0.65 (0.27 to 1.59) 0.35
   Post-secondary level 0.16 (0.04 to 0.63) 0.009 0.24 (0.05 to 1.25) 0.09
Partners Level of education     
   None 1.0 Reference 1.0 Reference
   Primary level 0.64 (0.40 to 1.02) 0.06 0.69 (0.34 to 1.42) 0.32
   Secondary level 0.54 (0.32 to 0.91) 0.02 0.65 (0.29 to 1.46) 0.29
   Post-secondary level 0.30 (0.13 to 0.69) 0.005 0.55 (0.16 to 1.86) 0.34
Distance from household to the nearest hospital    
   <5 kms 1.0 Reference 1.0 Reference
   5 to 10 Kms 1.89 (1.20 to 2.96) 0.006 1.58 (0.89 to 2.80) 0.12
   ≥10 Kms 3.09 (1.96 to 4.89) <0.0001 3.86 (2.13 to 7.02) <0.0001
   Don’t Know 3.51 (2.15 to 5.75) <0.0001 2.95 (1.48 to 5.90) 0.002