Skip to main content

Table 2 Design accumulation rates and actual excreta filling rates

From: Are pit latrines in urban areas of Sub-Saharan Africa performing? A review of usage, filling, insects and odour nuisances

Design/Place Filling rates litres/capita/annum (l/c/a) Reference
Design accumulation rates   
EG Wagner and JN Lanoix [16] and R Franceys, et al. [15] 40 Wet pits where degradable anal cleansing material is used
  60 Wet pits where non degradable anal cleansing material is used
  60 Dry pits where degradable anal cleansing material is used
  90 Dry pits where non degradable anal cleansing material is used
Reported pit latrine filling rates   
EG Wagner and JN Lanoix [18] and R Franceys, et al. [15] 25 (ablution water used) 35 Wet pit West Bengal, India
EG Wagner and JN Lanoix [18] 40 (solid cleansing material) Philippines
PR Morgan, et al. [57] 20 Zimbabwe PR Morgan, et al. [94]
R Franceys, et al. [15] 42 USA
  47 Brazil
JN Bhagwan, et al. [110] 24.1 (mean) Soshongove, South Africa
  69.4 (mean) JN Bhagwan, et al. [110] Bester’s Camp, South Africa
  18.5 (mean) Mbila, South Africa
  27.5 (implied) Gabarone, Dares salaam
  29 (median) Mbazwana, South Africa
  34 (median) Inadi, South Africa
DA Still and K Foxon [53] 39 (median) Limpopo, South Africa
  48 (median) Mafunze, South Africa
  21 (median) Ezimangweni, South Africa
  19 (mean) eThekwine, South Africa