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Table 2 Prevalence and correlates of cigarette and waterpipe smoking

From: Prevalence, correlates and patterns of waterpipe smoking among secondary school students in southeast London: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Cigarettes Waterpipe
n (%) AOR (95 % CI) n (%) AOR (95 % CI)
Overall 667 (31.8)   841 (40.1)  
Age
 - 11–14 years 286 (25.9) 1.00 387 (35.1) 1.00
 - 14–17 years 381 (38.3) 2.23 (1.71, 2.89)** 454 (45.7) 1.07 (0.84, 1.35)
Gender
 - Female 295 (31.4) 1.00 327 (34.8) 1.00
 - Male 372 (32.2) 0.82 (0.63, 1.07) 514 (44.4) 1.47 (1.16, 1.87)*
Ethnicity
 - White 198 (31.1) 1.00 201 (31.6) 1.00
 - Black 316 (31.8) 0.48 (0.35, 0.65)** 440 (44.3) 2.40 (1.79, 3.20)**
 - Other 153 (32.7) 0.50 (0.35, 0.72)** 200 (42.7) 2.15 (1.54, 3.02)**
Cigarette smoker
 - No - - 283 (19.8) 1.00
 - Yes - - 558 (83.7) 42.04 (30.60, 57.77)**
Waterpipe smoker
 - No 109 (8.7) 1.00 - -
 - Yes 558 (66.4) 42.33 (30.75, 58.26)* - -
  1. *p < 0.01, **p < 0.001; two-level random intercept model which accounts for clustering at borough-level