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Table 2 Associations between deprivation and alcohol harm paradox variables stratified by alcohol consumption

From: The alcohol harm paradox: using a national survey to explore how alcohol may disproportionately impact health in deprived individuals

Alcohol harm paradox variables Deprived n All Alcohol consumption category
Minimal consumer Lower risk Increased risk Higher risk Never drank Ex-drinker
Combined health challenges
 Current smoker % No 4041 12.1 12.1 10.1 12.4 19.1 9.6 16.4
Yes 1966 21.0 18.8 19.0 29.9 45.8 10.4 23.5
P   <0.001 0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.801 0.003
 < =1 portion fruit or veg/day % No 4037 8.5 8.8 6.5 5.0 17.1 13.5 13.2
Yes 1967 16.2 12.7 12.7 14.4 40.7 21.2 20.5
P   <0.001 0.032 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.064 0.001
 < 1 exercise session/week % No 4037 27.4 31.3 21.8 19.1 23.8 39.3 40.6
Yes 1967 33.5 37.6 25.1 23.6 39.0 33.5 45.7
P   <0.001 0.023 0.087 0.210 0.040 0.312 0.091
 Overweight BMI >25 % No 3757 51.5 52.8 48.4 51.9 60.2 48.3 57.0
Yes 1806 60.2 65.0 56.3 63.4 58.3 51.8 63.3
P   <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.011 0.816 0.560 0.044
Drinking patternsa
 Average session binge % No 3640 17.9 1.0 16.5 36.0 87.6   
Yes 911 25.0 2.0 27.1 51.7 91.7   
P   <0.001 0.111 <0.001 <0.001 0.422   
 Typically drink wine % No 3189 64.0 54.9 65.2 74.8 63.8   
Yes 1362 47.9 47.1 48.4 54.6 30.0   
P   <0.001 0.008 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001   
 Typically drink spirits % No 3189 16.4 16.7 15.7 16.5 24.8   
Yes 1362 22.6 22.2 22.3 21.3 33.3   
P   <0.001 0.017 <0.001 0.168 0.280   
 Typically drink beer/cider % No 3189 26.5 18.3 28.0 30.3 47.6   
Yes 1362 34.6 21.7 37.3 48.9 56.7   
P   <0.001 0.136 <0.001 <0.001 0.263   
 > =5 units/week underestimate % No 3189 16.0 3.4 16.8 31.7 28.6   
Yes 1362 13.5 2.0 16.3 25.9 30.0   
P   0.031 0.180 0.800 0.153 0.860   
Drinking historiesb
 Regular drinker <18 years % No 3501 41.8 40.4 41.4 47.0 58.1   36.4
Yes 1581 43.4 37.8 46.4 48.0 61.0   37.6
P   0.284 0.410 0.025 0.830 0.715   0.721
 Drunk <18 years % No 3196 43.2 35.4 45.2 51.0 57.1   35.8
Yes 1470 45.1 38.4 49.8 51.8 60.0   35.9
P   0.226 0.352 0.053 0.852 0.728   0.975
 Frequent drinking history % No 3381 4.8 1.2 5.2 9.4 6.6   4.3
Yes 1511 4.9 1.3 5.2 15.3 9.1   3.5
P   0.838 0.889 0.998 0.049 0.728   0.522
 Drunken/bingeing history % No 3397 13.3 7.3 14.6 20.7 31.5   9.8
Yes 1511 15.4 6.3 19.1 35.1 40.0   8.9
P   0.052 0.549 0.013 <0.001 0.325   0.650
  1. aAnalysis possible only for current drinkers. bAnalysis possible only for ex and current drinkers; For definitions of each alcohol harm paradox variable please see methodology. Consumption categories are defined as in Table 1. Frequent drinking and drunken/bingeing histories are limited to individuals aged 35 years or more at interview. One unit is approximately 8 g of pure alcohol
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