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Table 2 3-level multivariate linear regression model of the adaptation index when it is very hot and humid in summer: fixed part

From: A multilevel analysis to explain self-reported adverse health effects and adaptation to urban heat: a cross-sectional survey in the deprived areas of 9 Canadian cities

Fixed part M0 a M00 b M000 c M000:1 d M000:12 e M000:123 f
Β (SE)g,h Β (SE)g,h Β (SE)g,h Β (SE)g,h Β (SE)g,h Β (SE)g,h
Constant −0.026 (0.017) −0.153 (0.021)**** −0.140 (0.027)**** 0.727 (0.088)**** 0.724 (0.094)**** 0.957 (0.124)****
Addition of individual-level covariables    
Age    
 18–44 (vs ≥ 65 years) −0.566 (0.047)**** −0.565 (0.047)**** −0.572 (0.047)****
 45–64 (vs ≥ 65 years) −0.344 (0.041)**** −0.344 (0.041)**** −0.344 (0.041)****
Perceived need of more infrastructure and services in the neighbourhood of residence to adapt better when it is very hot and humid in summer:    
 Yes, in urban planning (vs no) −0.303 (0.036)**** −0.303 (0.036)**** −0.301 (0.036)****
 Yes, in other areas such as public transport (vs no) −0.151 (0.052)** −0.150 (0.052)** −0.150 (0.051)**
Self-reported adverse health impacts when it is very hot and humid in summer −0.281 (0.034)**** −0.281 (0.034)**** −0.285 (0.034)****
Face to face with friends a few times a month or more (vs. no) −0.284 (0.062)**** −0.284 (0.062)**** −0.282 (0.062)****
≥2 caregivers in the last year living in the same neighbourhood but not in the same dwelling (vs <2) −0.209 (0.039)**** −0.209 (0.039)**** −0.207 (0.039)****
≥2 caregivers in the last year living <80 km from the dwelling but not in the same neighbourhood (vs <2) −0.186 (0.034)**** −0.186 (0.034)**** −0.181 (0.034)****
Automobile as the primary mode of transportation for local travel within the past year (vs. no) −0.100 (0.034)** −0.100 (0.034)** −0.097 (0.034)**
No physical activity in the last 3 months (vs yes) 0.332 (0.036)**** 0.332 (0.036)**** 0.334 (0.036)****
≥1 functional disability:    
 Often (vs. never) 0.223 (0.048)**** 0.223 (0.048)**** 0.221 (0.048)****
 Sometimes (vs. never) 0.128 (0.050)** 0.127 (0.050)** 0.125 (0.050)**
Satisfaction with quality of dwelling’s thermal insulation in summer:    
 Not centered (continuous) 0.081 (0.016)****   
 Centered on the building average (continuous)   0.080 (0.023)**** 0.079 (0.023)****
Addition of building-level covariables    
By building, average satisfaction with quality of dwelling’s thermal insulation in summer (continuous)   0.081 (0.022)**** 0.082 (0.022)****
Addition of da-level covariables    
By DA, average duration of residence in the same dwelling (continuous)    −0.028 (0.010)**
By DA, walkability index (continuous)    −0.013 (0.007)*
  1. aM0 = 1-level null model (individuals, I). bM00 = 2-levels null model (I + buildings, B). cM000 = 3-level null model (I + B + DA). dM000:1 = 3-level model with covariables of individual-level. eM000:12 = 3-level model with covariables of individual-level and building-level. fM000:123 = 3-level model with covariables of individual-level, building-level and DA-level. gβ (ES): estimated β coefficient (standard error). h p values: ****: p ≤0.0001; ***: p ≤0.001; **: p ≤0.01; *: p ≤0.05