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Table 2 Prevalence of eating behaviors in Japanese adults

From: Association of household income and education with eating behaviors in Japanese adults: a cross-sectional study

Variables Groupa Total Men Women  
n = 3137 n = 1580 n = 1557 P value
n % n % n %  
About eating behavior
 Taking care of one’s diet for health Very often, often, sometimes 2306 73.5 1066 67.5 1240 79.6 <0.001***
 Taking care of one’s diet for health (Do you normally concern yourself with nutrition and meals for your own health?) Rarely, almost never, never 831 26.5 514 32.5 317 20.4  
Behavior about the meal
 Eating vegetables Very often, often 1453 46.3 631 39.9 822 52.8 <0.001***
 Eating vegetables (Do you eat ample amounts of vegetables [5 small dishes/day, or about 350 g]?) Not much, never 1684 53.7 949 60.1 735 47.2  
 Frequency of eating breakfast Every day 2132 68.0 972 61.5 1160 74.5 <0.001***
 Frequency of eating breakfast (How often do you usually eat breakfast?) 4 or 5 days/week, 2 or 3 days/week, 1 day/week, never 1005 32.0 608 38.5 397 25.5  
 Frequency of family breakfasts Every day 906 28.9 351 22.2 555 35.6 <0.001***
 Frequency of family breakfasts (How often do you usually eat breakfast with all the members of your family each week?) 4 or 5 days/week, 2 or 3 days/week, 1 day/week, never 2231 71.1 1229 77.8 1002 64.4  
 Frequency of family dinners Every day 1374 43.8 530 33.5 844 54.2 <0.001***
 Frequency of family dinners (How often do you usually eat dinner with all the members of your family each week? 4 or 5 days/week, 2 or 3 days/week, 1 day/week, never 1763 56.2 1050 66.5 713 45.8  
Meal information exchange/utilization         
 Using the information on nutrition labels Very often, often 1453 46.3 600 38.0 853 54.8 <0.001***
 Using the information on nutrition labels (Do you use the information on nutrition labels or calorie information on store displays and menus? Not much, never 1684 53.7 980 62.0 704 45.2  
 Conversations with family or friends during meals Very often, often 1326 42.3 532 33.7 794 51.0 <0.001***
 Conversations with family or friends during meals (Do you talk to your family and friends about meals, cooking, or nutrition?) Not much, never 1811 57.7 1048 66.3 763 49.0  
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001
  2. aChi-square test