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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratiosa (OR), and their 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI), of being classified as ‘high-risk’, based on reporting insufficient moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), insufficient strength training participation, and high sedentary time

From: The descriptive epidemiology of total physical activity, muscle-strengthening exercises and sedentary behaviour among Australian adults – results from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey

Explanatory variable OR (95 % CI)
Gender (ref: male)  
 Female 0.84 (0.70–1.01)
Age group (ref: 18–24 years)  
 25–34 years 1.91 (1.27–2.87)
 35–44 years 2.09 (1.27–3.44)
 45–54 years 1.39 (0.91–2.12)
 55–64 years 1.64 (0.98–2.75)
 65–74 years 1.26 (0.80–1.98)
  ≥ 75 years 1.06 (0.58–1.96)
Education level (ref: high, completed year 12 or equivalent)  
 Medium (completed year 10–11) 1.03 (0.77–1.39)
 Low (completed year 9 or less) 1.07 (0.79–1.46)
Self-assessed health (ref: excellent)  
 Very good 1.65 (1.12–2.44)
 Good 2.10 (1.39–3.16)
 Fair 2.96 (1.86–4.73)
 Poor 4.60 (2.89–7.33)
Body Mass Index (ref; normal [18.5–25])  
 Underweight (<18.5) 0.99 (0.39–2.51)
 Overweight (25–30) 0.87 (0.66–1.16)
 Obese (≥30) 1.44 (1.04–1.98)
Smoking status (ref; never smoked)  
 Ex-smoker 0.94 (0.75–1.18)
 Current smoker 1.37 (1.06–1.76)
  1. aAdjusted for all other explanatory variables in the model
  2. b‘High risk’ group defined as: insufficient MVPA (<150 min/week); AND insufficient strength training participation (<2 sessions/week); AND being classified as ‘high-sedentary’ (≥480 min/day)