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Table 2 Adjusted odds ratiosa (OR), and their 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI), of being classified as meeting moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) guidelinesb, meeting the strength training guidelinesc, meeting the combined MVPA-strength training guidelinesd and being classified as ‘low-sedentary’e – overall and by sociodemographic and health-related factors

From: The descriptive epidemiology of total physical activity, muscle-strengthening exercises and sedentary behaviour among Australian adults – results from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey

  Met MVPA guidelineb Met strength training guidelinec Met both MVPA and strength guidelinesd ‘Low-sedentary’e
(<480 min/day)
Explanatory variable OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Gender (ref: male)     
 Female 0.83 (0.71–0.95) 0.77 (0.65–0.91) 0.76 (0.61–0.93) 1.61 (1.39–1.87)
Age group (ref: 18–24 years)     
 25–34 years 0.71 (0.51–0.98) 0.64 (0.49–0.85) 0.57 (0.41–0.80) 0.70 (0.54–0.91)
 35–44 years 0.57 (0.43–0.75) 0.46 (0.36–0.60) 0.44 (0.32–0.60) 0.85 (0.63–1.14)
 45–54 years 0.65 (0.49–0.85) 0.48 (0.35–0.67) 0.45 (0.32–0.64) 0.88 (0.65–1.20)
 55–64 years 0.55 (0.41–0.75) 0.37 (0.29–0.49) 0.33 (0.23–0.45) 1.03 (0.78–1.36)
 65–74 years 0.53 (0.39–0.71) 0.33 (0.24–0.46) 0.25 (0.18–0.37) 1.65 (1.14–2.37)
  ≥ 75 years 0.36 (0.25–0.52) 0.21 (0.14–0.32) 0.14 (0.08–0.24) 2.25 (1.37–3.70)
Education level (ref: high [Degree or higher degree])     
 Medium (Year 12, diploma or certificate) 0.58 (0.51–0.66) 0.83 (0.67–1.03) 0.74 (0.60–0.92) 1.71 (1.46–2.01)
 Low (<Year 12 and no non-school qualification) 0.49 (0.41–0.58) 0.73 (0.57–0.93) 0.70 (0.53–0.93) 2.04 (1.64–2.53)
Self-rated health (ref: excellent)     
 Very good 0.69 (0.56–0.84) 0.65 (0.49–0.87) 0.63 (0.46–0.86) 0.99 (0.77–1.26)
 Good 0.49 (0.40–0.60) 0.43 (0.33–0.55) 0.36 (0.28–0.47) 0.88 (0.68–1.16)
 Fair 0.35 (0.26–0.46) 0.32 (0.23–0.46) 0.24 (0.16–0.36) 0.78 (0.58–1.05)
 Poor 0.35 (0.24–0.50) 0.38 (0.20–0.73) 0.26 (0.11–0.61) 0.57 (0.35–0.92)
Body Mass Index (ref; normal [18.5–25])     
 Underweight (<18.5) 0.81 (0.50–1.33) 0.39 (0.21–0.73) 0.31 (0.14–0.68) 1.33 (0.69–2.58)
 Overweight (25–30) 1.01 (0.86–1.19) 0.94 (0.76–1.17) 0.89 (0.70–1.13) 0.96 (0.80–1.15)
 Obese (≥30) 0.76 (0.64–0.89) 0.64 (0.50–0.81) 0.65 (0.50–0.85) 0.77 (0.63–0.93)
Smoking status (ref; never smoked)     
 Ex-smoker 1.29 (1.14–1.47) 1.39 (1.16–1.68) 1.47 (1.20–1.80) 0.94 (0.76–1.15)
 Current smoker 0.87 (0.73–1.05) 0.79 (0.63–0.99) 0.77 (0.59–0.99) 0.89 (0.73–1.08)
  1. aAdjusted for all other explanatory variables in the model
  2. bTo meet the MVPA guideline respondents had to report engaging in at least 150 min per week of moderate-intensity physical activity or 75 min of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week, or an equivalent combination both
  3. cTo meet the strength training guideline, respondents had to report engaging in strength training at least two times per week
  4. dMeeting both the MVPA and strength training guidelines
  5. eTo be classified as ‘low-sedentary’, respondents had to report <480 min/day spent in sedentary behaviours