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Table 1 Prevalence of meeting moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) guidelinesa, strength training guidelinesb, the combined MVPA-strength training guidelinesc and being ‘low-sedentary’d – overall and by sociodemographic and health-related factors

From: The descriptive epidemiology of total physical activity, muscle-strengthening exercises and sedentary behaviour among Australian adults – results from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey

  Current studye Population-weighted estimatesf Met MVPA guidelinea
(n = 9285)
Met strength training guidelineb
(n = 9434)
Met both MVPA and strength guidelinesc
(n = 9284)
‘Low-sedentary’d
(<480 min/day)
(n = 9435)
  n N % (95 % CI)g % (95 % CI)g % (95 % CI)g % (95 % CI)g
Total 9435 17,042,208 52.6 (51.2–54.0) 18.6 (17.5–19.7) 15.0 (13.9–16.1) 78.9 (77.9–80.0)
Sex n (%)g n (%)g     
 Male 4329 (45.9) 8,406,261 (49.3) 55.0 (52.8–57.3) 20.7 (19.2–22.2) 16.9 (15.4–18.4) 75.0 (73.2–76.8)
 Female 5106 (54.1) 8,635,947 (50.7) 50.2 (48.2–52.2) 16.6 (14.9–18.1) 13.1 (11.6–14.7) 82.8 (81.5–84.0)
p-value    0.002* <0.001* <0.001* <0.001*
Age       
 18–24 years 780 (8.3) 2,233,305 (13.1) 62.2 (57.2–67.1) 29.2 (25.2–33.2) 25.3 (21.3–29.3) 80.9 (77.2–84.6)
 25–34 years 1617 (17.1) 3,152,930 (18.5) 58.7 (54.7–62.6) 23.3 (19.9–26.6) 19.0 (15.6–22.3) 73.4 (70.7–76.1)
 35–44 years 1843 (19.5) 3,147,104 (18.5) 53.4 (50.3–56.6) 18.5 (16.4–20.5) 15.3 (13.4–17.3) 76.8 (74.7–78.8)
 45–54 years 1660 (17.6) 3,023,041 (17.7) 52.9 (49.3–56.4) 17.7 (14.9–20.5) 14.3 (11.8–16.8) 76.7 (73.9–79.5)
 55–64 years 1432 (15.2) 2,565,640 (15.1) 48.7 (44.8–52.6) 14.2 (12.1–16.4) 11.1 (8.8–13.4) 78.7 (75.6–81.7)
 65–74 years 1255 (13.3) 1,680,712 (9.9) 46.5 (42.4–50.7) 12.4 (10.2–14.6) 8.3 (6.3–10.4) 87.7 (85.2–90.1)
  ≥ 75 years 848 (9.0) 1,239,476 (7.3) 33.3 (29.4–37.1) 7.6 (5.4–9.7) 4.1 (2.3–5.8) 89.2 (86.4–92.0)
p-value    <0.001* <0.001* <0.001* <0.001*
Education level       
 Low (<Year 12 or no non-school qualification) 2579 (27.8) 4,252,855 (25.3) 40.2 (37.6–42.8) 11.5 (9.9–13.1) 8.5 (6.9–10.2) 84.0 (82.2–85.9)
 Medium (Year 12, diploma or certificate) 4327 (46.5) 8,293,573 (49.4) 52.0 (50.0–54.0) 19.6 (17.8–21.3) 15.4 (13.8–17) 80.4 (78.6–82.1)
 High (Degree or higher degree) 2385(25.7) 4,246,623 (25.3) 66.1 (64–68.1) 23.6 (21.2–26.0) 20.5 (18.2–22.8) 71.0 (68.8–73.3)
p-value    <0.001* <0.001* <0.001* <0.001*
Self-rated health       
 Excellent 1537 (16.3) 2,919,514 (17.1) 67.9 (65.4–70.4) 29.7 (26.1–33.3) 26.1 (22.5–29.7) 79.5 (76.5–82.4)
 Very good 3223 (35.2) 6,172,432 (36.2) 57.4 (55.1–59.7) 21.5 (19.3–23.7) 17.9 (15.8–19.9) 79.8 (78.0–81.5)
 Good 2965 (31.4) 5,316,252 (31.2) 47.9 (45.2–50.6) 14.1 (12.4–15.8) 10.4 (8.7–12) 78.8 (76.6–81.1)
 Fair 1163 (12.3) 1,942,921 (11.4) 35.1 (30.3–39.9) 8.7 (6.4–11.1) 5.4 (3.6–7.1) 77.2 (73.9–80.5)
 Poor 477 (4.7) 691,090 (4.1) 30.5 (24.1–36.9) 8.4 (4.5–12.3) 5.2 (2.1–8.3) 75.0 (67.8–82.2)
p-value    <0.001* <0.001* <0.001* 0.120
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)       
 Underweight (<18.5) 121 (1.5) 280,115 (1.9) 54.4 (42.5–66.3) 12.6 (5.30–20.0) 8.6 (2.0–15.1) 84.6 (76.6–92.5)
 Normal (18.5–25) 2735 (34.3) 5,262,928 (36.1) 59.4 (57.0–61.8) 24.2 (21.5–26.9) 20.5 (18.1–22.9) 80.3 (78.2–82.3)
 Overweight (25–30) 2898 (36.4) 5,266,721 (36.1) 56.1 (53.6–58.6) 20.3 (18.2–22.4) 15.8 (13.8–17.9) 79.0 (77.1–80.9)
 Obese (≥30) 2203 (27.7) 3,776,994 (25.9) 45.0 (42.4–47.6) 12.4 (10.7–14) 9.7 (8.2–11.3) 76.7 (74.2–79.1)
p-value    <0.001* <0.001* <0.001* 0.020*
Smoking status       
 Never smoked 4573 (48.5) 8,776,577 (51.5) 53.7 (51.8–55.6) 19.0 (17.4–20.5) 15.5 (14.1–16.9) 79.5 (77.9–81.2)
 Ex-smoker 3077 (32.6) 5,263,643 (30.9) 55.1 (53.1–57.0) 21.0 (19.0–23.0) 16.9 (15.1–18.8) 78.8 (76.8–80.9)
 Current smoker 1785 (18.9) 3,001,988 (17.6) 45.0 (41.8–48.3) 13.4 (11.3–15.6) 10.1 (8.2–12.0) 77.4 (74.8–80.0)
p-value    <0.001* 0.003* 0.004* 0.140
  1. aPrevalence of respondents who reported engaging in at least 150 min per week of moderate-intensity physical activity or 75 min of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week, or an equivalent combination of bothn
  2. bPrevalence of respondents who reported participating in muscle-strengthening physical activity at least two times per week
  3. cMeeting both the MVPA and strength training guidelines
  4. dTo be classified as ‘low-sedentary’, respondents had to report <480 min/day spent in sedentary behaviours
  5. eNational Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (NNPAS) 2011–12 respondents
  6. fReplicate weights generated from the Australian Bureau of Statistics - Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011–13 - 4363.0.55.001
  7. gPercentages are weighted and are given relative to the total number within each sociodemographic and health-related variable
  8. *p < 0.05: X 2 test for overall association for sex and trend for the other sociodemographic and health-related variables