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Table 5 Associations between substance (drug, tobacco, alcohol) use and psychological and behavioral problems

From: Prevalence, correlates, and associated psychological problems of substance use in Korean adolescents

  Illicit drug users (N = 311), % Non-users (N = 71,749), % AOR (95 % CI) p-value Tobacco users (n = 13,967), % Non-users (n = 58,094), % AOR (95 % CI) p-value Alcohol users (n = 30,566), % Non-users (n = 41,494), % AOR (95 % CI) p-value
Perceived stress 48.2 36.9 1.98 (1.88–2.08) <0.001 42.3 35.7 1.32 (1.31–1.33) <0.001 41.6 33.5 1.33 (1,32–1.34) <0.001
Depressive mood 57.6 26.6 3.34 (3.17–3.52) <0.001 35.7 24.5 1.75 (1.73–1.76) <0.001 33.2 21.8 1.71 (1.70–1.72) <0.001
Suicide idea 49.5 12.9 4.52 (4.29–4.76) <0.001 18.8 11.6 1.83 (1.81–1.84) <0.001 16.4 10.5 1.66 (1.65–1.67) <0.001
Suicide plan 41.0 4.3 9.93 (9.39–10.49) <0.001 7.3 3.7 1.97 (1.94–2.00) <0.001 5.9 3.3 1.87 (1.84–1.89) <0.001
Suicide attempt 34.1 2.8 13.13 (12.37–13.93) <0.001 5.6 2.3 2.91 (2.86–2.96) <0.001 4.0 2.1 2.26 (2.22–2.30) <0.001
Problematic drinking 45.2 6.3 12.90 (12.21–13.63) <0.001 24.2 2.1 10.90 (10.77–11.04) <0.001 15.1 -   
Sexual relations with the opposite sex 41.5 4.5 9.92 (9.39–10.48) <0.001 14.3 2.3 5.15 (5.09–5.22) <0.001 8.3 2.0 3.23 (3.18–3.28) <0.001
Sexual relations with the same sex 46.9 0.8 28.27 (26.43–30.24) <0.001 2.7 0.6 3.02 (2.92–3.12) <0.001 1.5 0.6 1.93 (1.87–2.00) <0.001
  1. AOR odds ratios adjusted for age, sex, area of residence, parental education, residential type, socio-economic status, and academic achievement, CI confidence interval