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Table 2 Characteristics of SHOW Study participants (applicant and tenant households at Dec 2011) compared with the New Zealand population (2006 census and 2013 census)

From: Collaborating with a social housing provider supports a large cohort study of the health effects of housing conditions

Characteristic Housing applicantsa Housing tenantsb NZ populationc (2006) NZ populationd (2013)
Population
 Number of households 4931 64,706 1,454,106 1,570,695
 Number of people 11,196 196,612 4,027,947 4,242,048
 Median duration on waiting list (current applicants) 34 weeks  
 Median duration in tenancy 212 weeks  
Demographic and socio-economic characteristics
 Age and sex
  Median age 21 21 36 38
  Female % 55.5 54.8 51.2 51.3
 Ethnicityd
  European % 25.5 27.6 64.7 70.0
  New Zealander % 10.7 1.6
  Māori % 32.6 38.5 14.0 14.1
  Pacific % 34.0 39.4 6.6 7.0
  Asian % 10.6 4.4 8.8 11.1
  Middle Eastern Latin American % 7.1 3.1 0.9 1.1
  Other % 0.6 0.4 0.04 0.04
  Not Stated % 1.4 1.7 4.3 5.4
 Economic indicators
  One parent with children % 35.7 35.4 18.1 17.8
  Average weekly household income $ 356.9 387.5 1321.6e 1398.4
  Receipt of income from Gov. benefit % 86.8 95.6 24.5 25.1
 Smoking statusf
  Smoker in household % 44.1 32.9  
  Proportion of adults who smoke % 29.9 (18+ years) 20.7 (15+ years) 15.1 (15+ years)
Crowding levels
 Sharing with another family % 41.5   2.8 3.3
 Average number of people in household 4.2 3.2 2.7 2.7
 Average number of bedrooms 2.5 2.6 3.1 3.1
 Average people per bedroom 1.7 1.2 0.9
 Short of 1 or more bedrooms %
  Household 44.3 22.3 5.1  
  Person 52.3 38.0 10.0  
 Short of 2 or more bedrooms %
  Household 22.2 7.1 1.2  
  Person 28.3 14.3 3.5
  1. aHousing applicants are those who have been “confirmed” and placed on the waiting list for a house
  2. bHousing tenants are those who complete an Income Related Rent application form. This group excludes 1750 HNZC tenant households not claiming this benefit (i.e. who are paying market rent)
  3. cBased on 2006 NZ Census
  4. dEthnic Group. This is based on grouped total responses. Where a person reported more than one ethnic group, they have been counted in each applicable group
  5. eFrom New Zealand income survey at June 2006
  6. fBased on the tenants (69 %) who reported their smoking status