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Table 5 Untied fund expenditure by VHSNCs that reported expenditure in the past 12 months

From: Are village health sanitation and nutrition committees fulfilling their roles for decentralised health planning and action? A mixed methods study from rural eastern India

  Odisha Jharkhand P*
% of VHSNCs spending funds N=88 Average amount spent (INR) median (Interquartile range) % of VHSNCs spending funds N=37 Average amount spent (INR) median (Interquartile range)
Healtha 99 1000 (500) 73 500 (1319) .000
Nutritionb 25 0 (25) 3 0 (0) .009
Sanitationc 93 1000 (200) 89 2350 (3000) .053
Public Worksd 5.6 0 (0) 22 0 (0) .003
Literacye 0 0 (0) 11 0 (0) --
Otherf 96.6 2600 (1587) 100 5000 (4500) .000
  1. * P value for the difference in mean amount spent in INR, obtained through the Mann–Whitney U test
  2. Some examples of activities included under the above categories:
  3. aHealth: Assistance to pregnant mothers for institutional delivery, insecticide spray, organizing health camps and other events for awareness generation
  4. bNutrition: Referring malnourished children to hospital
  5. c Sanitation: Bleaching and paving of wells and tube wells, cleaning village roads and drains
  6. dPublic Works: Any construction for public infrastructure/civic services, augmenting drinking water supply
  7. eLiteracy: Assistance to local schools
  8. fOthers: Meeting expenses, durable and non-durable items for the committee itself, room for committee meetings, display boards, wall painting etc