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Table 2 Mean scores for participants’ self-efficacy in STI-diagnosis-related communications by participants’ characteristics and Kruskal-Wallis test results

From: Women’s communication self-efficacy and expectations of primary male partners’ cooperation in sexually transmitted infection treatment in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Total (n) Participants’ self-efficacy
Mean score on a scale from 1 to 5
Disclosing their STI positivity to primary male partner Asking primary male partner to have an STI examination Giving medications for STI treatment to primary male partner
Participants’ education level
 Secondary school or lower 61 3.61 3.45 3.78
 High school or higher 64 4.23 3.95 4.41
P value   .03 .04 .005
Participants’ ever having traded sex
 Yes 47 2.90 3.20 3.40
 No 79 4.42 3.96 4.53
P value   .005 <.001 .002
Participants’ alcohol use
 Yes 62 4.14 3.95 4.27
 No 64 3.68 3.39 3.93
P value   .12 .10 .11
Participants’ drug use
 Yes 16 3.79 4.21 3.75
 No 107 3.95 3.66 4.17
P value   .60 .46 .09
Partner type
 Husband/fiancé 86 4.31 4.02 4.45
 Boyfriend/other 37 2.97 2.87 3.31
P value   <.001 <.001 <.001
Partners’ age
 About the same age/younger 35 4.38 3.94 4.03
  ≥ 2 years older 90 3.70 3.58 4.12
P value   .05 .35 .67
Partners’ number of STI diagnoses
 0 34 4.53 4.29 4.68
  ≥ 1 9 4.22 3.75 4.44
P value   .20 .27 .87
Partners’ alcohol use
 Yes 94 4.22 3.73 3.96
 No 23 3.84 3.71 4.16
P value   .34 .89 .40
Partners’ drug use
 Yes 11 4.11 3.79 4.22
 No 102 2.82 3.17 3.67
P value   .03 .13 .03
Ratio of past disclosing participants’ STI positivity to primary male partnera
P value   .05 - -
  1. aNumber of times disclosed to primary male partner divided by number of times diagnosed with a bacterial STI, among women ever diagnosed with any bacterial STI (n = 26); range, 0–1