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Table 3 Demographic profile and AmED consumption practices of past year ED consumers according to guideline awareness

From: Awareness of energy drink intake guidelines and associated consumption practices: a cross-sectional study

  N Total sample A. uninformed consumers n = 703 B. accurate estimators n = 427 B vs A (ref) OR (95 % CI)
Demographics and other drug use      
Age (M, SD) 1130 24.4 (6.7) 25.0 (7.4) 23.5 (5.2) 1.49 (1.20–1.86), p< .001
% Male 1124 58 (55–61) 61 (57–65) 53 (48–58) 0.73 (0.57–0.93), p= .011
% Employed 1129 60 (57–63) 62 (58–65) 57 (53–62) 0.84 (0.66–1.07), p = .152
% Completed tertiary qualification 1123 48 (45–50) 49 (45–52) 46 (41–50) 0.89 (0.70–1.13), p = .342
% Currently studying tertiary qualification 1130 79 (77–81) 78 (75–81) 80 (76–84) 1.13 (0.84–1.52), p = .434
Daily caffeine intake (excluding ED; M, SD) 1136 205.5 (190.8) 162.5 (183.1) 200.5 (199.5) 1.06 (0.85–1.32), p = .582
Independent ED Use (past year) 1105 95 (93–96) 94 (92–96) 95 (93–97) 1.29 (0.74–2.26), p = .367
n = 1046 n = 648 n = 398
Amongst consumers:      
 % ED use every two weeks + 1046 36 (33–39) 33 (29–36) 46 (41–51) 1.73 (1.34–2.24), p< .001
 Typical ED intake (M, SD) 976 1.5 (1.0) 1.4 (1.1) 1.6 (1.1) 1.47 (1.16–2.10), p= .001
 % Typical intake exceeds ED guidelines 976 8 (6–10) 6 (5–8) 11 (8–15) 1.89 (1.19–3.01), p= .007
 % Monthly + exceed ED guideline use 1041 13 (11–15) 10 (7–12) 19 (15–23) 2.23 (1.55–3.20), p< .001
 Maximum ED intake (M, SD) 995 2.5 (2.2) 2.3 (2.0) 2.9 (2.3) 1.67 (1.32–2.10), p< .001
 % Maximum intake exceeds ED guidelines 995 33 (30–36) 27 (23–30) 43 (38–48) 2.06 (1.57–2.70), p  < .001
AmED Use (past year) 1130 64 (62–67) 61 (58–65) 69 (65–74) 1.43 (1.10–1.84), p= .006
n = 727 n = 431 n = 296
Amongst consumers:      
 % AmED use every 2 weeks + 722 19 (16–22) 15 (12–19) 25 (20–30) 1.78 (1.22–2.58), p= .002
 Typical ED intake (M, SD) 713 3.0 (2.6) 3.1 (2.8) 3.0 (2.1) 1.05 (0.80–1.38), p = .721
 % Typical ED intake exceeds guideline 713 42 (38–46) 41 (36–45) 44 (39–50) 1.16 (0.86–1.57), p = .336
 Typical alcohol intake (M, SD) 719 5.9 (4.1) 5.5 (3.9) 6.5 (4.4) 1.52 (1.16–1.99), p= .002
 % Typical alcohol intake exceeds guideline 719 54 (51–58) 51 (46–55) 59 (53–65) 1.41 (1.04–1.90), p= .026
 Maximum ED intake (M, SD) 710 3.8 (3.0) 3.7 (3.0) 4.0 (2.9) 1.21 (0.92–1.59), p = .172
 % Maximum ED intake exceeds guideline 710 57 (53–60) 55 (50–60) 60 (54–65) 1.21 (0.90–1.64), p = .211
 Maximum alcohol intake (M, SD) 712 8.3 (6.7) 7.7 (6.7) 9.0 (6.6) 3.71 (0.9–15.02), p = .066
 % Maximum alcohol intake exceeds guideline 712 64 (60–67) 59 (54–64) 71 (65–76) 1.69 (1.23–2.33), p= .001
  1. Those values bolded indicate statistical significance (p < .050) and those italicised indicated a trend towards statistical significance (p < .100). ED energy drink, AmED alcohol mixed with energy drink, M mean, SD standard deviation