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Table 3 The odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals for LTA associated individual and neighborhood-level variables

From: Association between social and built environments and leisure-time physical activity among Chinese older adults - a multilevel analysis

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3a
  OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Fixed effects    
 Individual level variables    
  Social cohesion    
   1st quartile 1   1
   2nd quartile 1.08 (1.00–1.14)   1.09 (1.07–1.20)
   3rd quartile 1.10 (1.04–1.44)   1.14 (1.08–1.50)
   4th quartile 1.28 (1.07–1.44)   1.31 (1.11–1.58)
  Social participation    
   1st quartile 1   1
   2nd quartile 2.02 (1.57–2.60)   1.86 (1.44–2.41)
   3rd quartile 2.56 (1.98–3.31)   2.37 (1.82–3.08)
   4th quartile 4.69 (3.63–6.06)   4.27 (3.27–5.58)
  Aesthetic quality    
   1st quartile 1   1
   2nd quartile 1.31 (0.90–1.68)   1.29 (0.89–1.66)
   3rd quartile 1.27 (0.99–1.62)   1.25 (0.97–1.60)
   4th quartile 1.23 (0.95–1.59)   1.14 (0.88–1.48)
  Walkability    
   1st quartile 1   1
   2nd quartile 1.10 (1.08–1.40)   1.18 (1.10–1.51)
   3rd quartile 1.23 (1.09–1.56)   1.24 (1.09–1.57)
   4th quartile 1.42 (1.11–1.82)   1.41 (1.09–1.81)
 Neighborhood level variables    
  Social cohesion    
   1st quartile   1 1
   2nd quartile   0.81 (0.44–1.51) 0.79 (0.42–1.48)
   3rd quartile   1.20 (0.67–2.16) 1.27 (0.70–2.31)
   4th quartile   0.68 (0.35–1.31) 0.71 (0.36–1.40)
  Social participation    
   1st quartile   1 1
   2nd quartile   0.93 (0.53–1.63) 0.82 (0.47–1.45)
   3rd quartile   1.18 (0.68–2.03) 0.97 (0.56–1.68)
   4th quartile   1.61 (0.92–2.80) 1.08 (0.61–1.90)
  Aesthetic quality    
   1st quartile   1 1
   2nd quartile   0.86 (0.45–1.66) 0.79 (0.41–1.54)
   3rd quartile   0.84 (0.47–1.49) 0.96 (0.54–1.71)
   4th quartile   1.82 (0.97–3.41) 1.69 (0.89–3.23)
  Walkability    
   1st quartile   1 1
   2nd quartile   1.14 (1.06–2.04) 1.13 (1.03–2.02)
   3rd quartile   1.76 (1.09–3.24) 1.73 (1.12–3.21)
   4th quartile   1.83 (1.10–3.27) 1.85 (1.19–3.35)
Random effects    
 Neighborhood-level variance (SE) 0.39 (0.11) 0.32 (0.10) 0.32 (0.10)
  Model fit    
   -2LL 3506.96 3666.26 3438.85
   AIC 3534.96 3694.26 3510.85
  1. LTA leisure-time active, -2LL -2 log likelihood (smaller is better), AIC Akaike information criterion (smaller is better)
  2. aGender, Age, marital status, educational attainment, self-reported chronic diseases and self-rated health were adjusted