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Table 1 Respondent demographic, engagement and WEMWBS characteristics (n = 702)

From: The art of being mentally healthy: a study to quantify the relationship between recreational arts engagement and mental well-being in the general population

Variable Level n % 2011 Western Australian population % (n = 2.3 million people) Arts engagement prevalence WEMWBS
% Engaged in the arts p-value Mean score SD p-value
Demographics
Sex Male 351 50.0 50 % 75.5 p < 0.001 53.2 7.5 NS (p = 0.41)
Female 351 50.0 50 % 90.3 53.6 7.3
Age Group 18–29 years 63 9.0 15 % 90.5 p = 0.013 52.8 6.8 p = 0.021
30–39 years 61 8.7 14 % 85.2 51.5 6.2
40–49 years 115 16.4 15 % 89.6 52.6 7.3
50–59 years 170 24.2 13 % 84.1 53.1 7.4
60 years and over 293 41.7 18 % 77.5 54.4 7.6
Location Metropolitan 487 69.4 76 % 83.0 NS (p = 0.96) 53.3 7.2 NS (p = 0.57)
Country 215 30.6 24 % 82.8 53.6 7.8
Household Income ($AUD) Less than $39,999 195 27.8 26 % 77.4 NS (p = 0.10) 53.2 8.6 NS (p = 0.87)
$40,000 to $79,999 123 17.5 21 % 82.1 53.2 7.5
$80,000 to $119,999 125 17.8 19 % 87.2 53.4 6.2
$120,000 or more 150 21.4 22 % 87.3 54.0 6.8
Refused 109 15.5 12 % 82.6 53.3 7.1
Education High school or less 293 41.7 44 % 76.1 p < 0.001 53.5 7.8 NS (p = 0.48)
Trade certificate or diploma 162 23.1 26 % 86.4 52.8 7.4
University degree or higher degree 247 35.2 19 % 88.7 53.7 6.8
Refused 0 0.0 11 %      
Married or de-facto relationship Yes 464 66.1 60 % 84.3 NS (p = 0.18) 54.0 6.7 p = 0.004
No 238 33.9 40 % 80.3 52.3 8.5
Children in household Yes 202 28.8 59 % 87.1 NS (p = 0.59) 53.5 6.6 NS (p = 0.55)
No 500 71.2 41 % 81.2 53.1 7.7
In the previous 12 months
Sports engagement Yes 465 66.2 67 % 87.1 p < 0.001 53.8 7.0 NS (p = 0.06)
No 237 33.8 33 % 74.7 52.7 8.0
Attend religious services or events Yes 267 38.0 - 88.0 p = 0.005 53.8 7.5 NS (p = 0.30)
No 435 62.0 - 79.8 53.2 7.3
Holiday Yes 384 54.7 - 88.8 p < 0.001 54.5 7.1 p < 0.001
No 318 45.3 - 75.8 52.0 7.5
General health Very bad 9 1.3 4 % 77.8 NS (p = 0.66) 45.9 9.7 p < 0.001
Bad 23 3.3 73.9 45.1 10.0
Fair 123 17.5 10 % 80.5 50.5 7.5
Good 304 43.3 30 % 84.2 53.4 6.6
Very Good 243 34.6 56 % 83.5 56.0 6.5
  1. SD standard deviation, NS not statistically significant
  2. - Information not available