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Table 4 Mean levels (unadjusted and adjusted) of physical performance according to groups (obesity and sarcopenia)

From: Sarcopenic obesity and physical performance in middle aged women: a cross-sectional study in Northeast Brazil

Variables Obese Normal Sarcopenia Sarcopenic obesity  
n = 331 (67.4 %) n = 64 (13.0 %) n = 61 (12.4 %) n = 35 (7.1 %)
  Mean (95 % CI) p value
Grip Strength (Kgf)  
 Unadjusted 26.49 (25.91–27.07) 26.91 (25.40–28.40) 23.54 (22.61–24.47) 22.07 (20.66–23.47) <0.001b
 Adjusteda 26.94 (26.26–27.62) 26.93 (25.64–28.22) 23.65 (22.33–24.97) 21.88 (20.18–23.58) <0.001
Knee Flexion Strength (Kgf)  
 Unadjusted 15.48 (14.94–16.02) 15.47 (14.33–16.60) 13.19 (12.16–14.22) 11.26 (9.97–12.55) <0.001b
 Adjusteda 15.73 (15.08–16.39) 15.59 (14.35–16.83) 13.14 (11.89–14.39) 11.41 (9.73–13.08) <0.001
Knee Extension Strength (Kgf)  
 Unadjusted 17.06 (16.60–17.51) 16.80 (15.68–17.91) 14.70 (13.87–15.52) 13.91 (12.64–15.18) <0.001b
 Adjusteda 17.57 (17.01–18.13) 16.98 (15.93–18.04) 14.81 (13.74–15.87) 14.16 (12.73–15.58) <0.001
Gait speed (m/s)  
 Unadjusted 0.99 (0.96–1.00) 1.00 (0.95–1.04) 0.99 (0.94–1.03) 0.94 (0.86–1.01) 0.50
 Adjusteda 1.01 (0.99–1.03) 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 1.00 (0.96–1.05) 0.96 (0.90–1.02) 0.50
Chair Stand (s)  
 Unadjusted 10.29 (10.06–10.51) 9.79 (9.33–10.24) 9.71 (9.21–10.20) 11.00 (10.18–11.82) 0.009c
 Adjusteda 10.11 (9.83–10.38) 9.71 (9.18–10.24) 9.76 (9.22–10.29) 10.89 (10.18–11.60) 0.03
  1. aAdjusted for age, education and menopausal status. In multiple comparisons with Bonferroni corrections (p < 0.05)
  2. bNormal ≠ sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity; sarcopenia ≠ obese; obese ≠ sarcopenic obesity
  3. cNormal ≠ sarcopenic obesity; sarcopenia ≠ sarcopenic obesity