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Table 3 Quantitative variables of body composition according to the groups (obesity and sarcopenia)

From: Sarcopenic obesity and physical performance in middle aged women: a cross-sectional study in Northeast Brazil

Variables Obese Normal Sarcopenia Sarcopenic obesity p value
n = 331 (67.4 %) n = 64 (13.0 %) n = 61 (12.4 %) n = 35 (7.1 %)
mean ± SD mean ± SD mean ± SD mean ± SD
SMI (Kg/m2) 7.16 ± 0.69 6.60 ± 0.44 5.54 ± 0.41 5.66 ± 0.30 <0.001
BMI (Kg/m2) 31.14 ± 4.05 25.18 ± 2.06 22.58 ± 2.06 26.23 ± 2.68 <0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 100.25 ± 8.16 83.13 ± 5.88 80.98 ± 5.10 93.04 ± 3.34 <0.001
Waist-hip ratio 0.92 ± 0.05 0.84 ± 0.07 0.88 ± 0.04 0.91 ± 0.06 <0.001
  1. SMI skeletal muscle mass index, BMI body mass index