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Table 2 Sample characteristics among obese, normal, sarcopenic and sarcopenic obese groups

From: Sarcopenic obesity and physical performance in middle aged women: a cross-sectional study in Northeast Brazil

Variables Obese Normal Sarcopenia Sarcopenic obesity p value
  n = 331 (67.4 %) n = 64 (13.0 %) n = 61 (12.4 %) n = 35 (7.1 %)  
n (%)
Age          
 ≤ 45 years 67 (67.6 %) 10 (10.1 %) 14 (14.1 %) 8 (8.1 %) 0.88
 46–49 years 96 (65.8 %) 24 (16.4 %) 17 (11.6 %) 9 (6.2 %)
 50–54 years 109 (69.9 %) 19 (12.2 %) 19 (12.2 %) 9 (5.8 %)
 >55 years 59 (65.6 %) 11 (12.2 %) 11 (12.2 %) 9 (10.0 %)
Education          
 Less than primary education 148 (72.2 %) 26 (12.7 %) 18 (8.8 %) 13 (6.3 %) 0.09
 Between primary and secondary 135 (66.2 %) 25 (12.3 %) 26 (12.7 %) 18 (8.8 %)
Secondary or more 48 (58.5 %) 13 (15.9 %) 17 (20.7 %) 4 (4.9 %)
Family income          
 ≥ 3 MW 97 (66.4 %) 23 (15.8 %) 19 (13.0 %) 7 (4.8 %) 0.41
 < 3 MW 234 (67.8 %) 41 (11.9 %) 42 (12.2 %) 28 (8.1 %)
Common law          
 No 86 (61.9 %) 25 (18.0 %) 19 (13.7 %) 9 (6.5 %) 0.18
 Yes 245 (69.6 %) 39 (11.1 %) 42 (11.9 %) 26 (7.4 %)
Race          
 White 129 (67.2 %) 25 (13.0 %) 24 (12.5 %) 14 (7.3 %) 0.26
 Black 24 (88.9 %) 1 (3.7 %) 0 (0.0 %) 2 (7.4 %)
 Pardo (Mixed race) 177 (65.6 %) 37 (13.7 %) 37 (13.7 %) 19 (7.0 %)
Physical activity          
 No 241 (66.9 %) 47 (13.1 %) 45 (12.5 %) 27 (7.5 %) 0.96
 Yes 89 (68.5 %) 17 (13.1 %) 16 (12.3 %) 8 (6.2 %)
Walking (min/week)          
 <90 179 (67.8 %) 28 (10.6 %) 38 (14.4 %) 19 (7.2 %) 0.22
 ≥ 90 152 (67.0 %) 36 (15.9 %) 23 (10.1 %) 16 (7.0 %)
Sitting time per day          
 4 h or less 216 (67.3 %) 36 (11.2 %) 45 (14.0 %) 24 (7.5 %) 0.22
 More than 4 h 114 (67.5 %) 28 (16.6 %) 16 (9.5 %) 11 (6.5 %)
Menopausal status          
 Premenopausal 58 (56.9 %) 18 (17.6 %) 14 (13.7 %) 12 (11.8 %) 0.05
 Perimenopausal 113 (74.3 %) 14 (9.2 %) 19 (12.5 %) 6 (3.9 %)
 Post-menopausal 91 (70.0 %) 15 (11.5 %) 18 (13.8 %) 6 (4.6 %)
 Hysterectomy before 40 years 26 (59.1 %) 9 (20.5 %) 3 (6.8 %) 6 (13.6 %)
 Hysterectomy after40 years 24 (58.5 %) 6 (14.6 %) 6 (14.6 %) 5 (12.2 %)