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Table 4 Distribution of RNI achievements among malted drink consumers and non-consumers according to gender

From: Characteristics associated with the consumption of malted drinks among Malaysian primary school children: findings from the MyBreakfast study

  Boys Girls
Variables RNI Malted drink consumers Malted drink non-consumers RNI Malted drink consumers Malted drink non-consumers
RNI achievement, n (%) RNI achievement, n (%) RNI achievement, n (%) RNI achievement, n (%)
<80 80–100 <80 80–100 <80 80–100 <80 80–100
Energy, Kcal
 6–9 years old 1780 19 (4.9) 372 (95.1) 6 (5.3) 107 (94.7) 1590 16 (3.1) 492 (96.9) 6 (3.0) 196 (97.0)
 10–12 years old 2180 70 (27.0) 189 (73.0) 20 (21.5) 73 (78.5) 1990 89 (24.7) 271 (75.3) 2 (1.4) 137 (98.6)
Protein, g           
 6–9 years old 32 0 391 (100.0) 0 113 (100.0) 32 0 508 (100.0) 0 202 (100.0)
 10–12 years old 45 0 259 (100.0) 1 (1.1) 93 (100.0) 46 1 (0.3) 359 (99.7) 0 139 (100.0)
Vitamin A, mg RE
 6–9 years old 500 21 (5.4) 370 (94.6) 9 (8.0) 104 (92.0) 500 31 (6.1) 477 (93.9) 14 (6.9) 188 (93.1)
 10–12 years old 600 27 (10.4) 232 (89.6) 7 (7.5) 86 (92.5) 600 45 (12.5) 315 (87.5) 10 (7.2) 129 (92.8)
Vitamin C, mg
 6–9 years old 35 83 (21.2) 308 (78.8) 45 (39.8) 68 (60.2) 35 98 (19.3) 410 (80.7) 86 (42.6) 116 (57.4)
 10–12 years old 65 135 (52.1) 124 (47.9) 59 (63.4) 56 (60.2) 65 189 (52.5) 171 (47.5) 60 (43.2) 79 (56.8)
Thiamin, mg
 6–9 years old 0.9 91 (23.3) 300 (76.7) 57 (50.4) 56 (49.6) 0.9 148 (29.1) 360 (70.9) 97 (48.0) 105 (52.0)
 10–12 years old 1.2 132 (51.0) 127 (49.0) 46 (49.5) 47 (50.5) 1.1 169 (46.9) 191 (53.1) 82 (59.0) 57 (41.0)
Riboflavin, mg
 6–9 years old 0.9 9 (2.3) 382 (97.7) 10 (8.8) 103 (91.2) 0.9 22 (4.3) 486 (95.7) 24 (11.9) 178 (88.1)
 10–12 years old 1.3 64 (24.7) 195 (75.3) 13 (14.0) 80 (86.0) 1.0 37 (10.3) 323 (89.7) 20 (14.4) 119 (85.6)
Niacin, mg
 6–9 years old 12 51 (13.0) 340 (87.0) 33 (29.2) 80 (70.8) 12 81 (15.9) 427 (84.1) 62 (30.7) 140 (69.3)
 10–12 years old 16 81 (31.3) 178 (68.7) 15 (16.1) 78 (83.9) 16 144 (40.0) 216 (60.0) 47 (33.8) 92 (66.2)
Calcium, mg
 6–9 years old 700 150 (38.4) 241 (61.6) 63 (55.8) 50 (44.2) 700 229 (45.1) 279 (54.9) 126 (62.4) 76 (37.6)
 10–12 years old 1000 195 (75.3) 64 (24.7) 51 (54.8) 42 (45.2) 1000 300 (83.3) 60 (16.7) 95 (68.3) 44 (31.7)
Iron, mg
 6–9 years old 9 or 6 1 (0.3) 390 (99.7) 2 (1.8) 111 (98.2) 9 or 6 1 (0.2) 507 (99.8) 1 (0.5) 201 (99.5)
 10–12 years old 15 or 10 4 (1.5) 255 (98.5) 0 93 (100.0) 14 or 9 2 (0.6) 358 (99.4) 0 139 (100.0)
Vitamin D, μg
 6–9 years old 5 372 (95.1) 19 (4.9) 108 (95.6) 5 (4.4) 5 474 (93.3) 34 (6.7) 193 (95.5) 9 (4.5)
 10–12 years old 5 245 (94.6) 14 (5.4) 88 (94.6) 5 (5.4) 5 344 (95.6) 16 (4.4) 128 (92.1) 11 (7.9)
  1. RNI Recommended Nutrient Intake