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Table 3 Comparison of daily energy and nutrient intakes between malted drink consumers and non-consumers

From: Characteristics associated with the consumption of malted drinks among Malaysian primary school children: findings from the MyBreakfast study

Nutrients 6–9 years old 10–12 years old
Malted drink consumers (n = 899) Malted drink non-consumers (n = 315)   Malted drink consumers (n = 619) Malted drink non-consumers (n = 232)  
Median (P5, P95) Median (P5, P95) p-valuea Median (P5, P95) Median (P5, P95) p-valuea
Energy, kcal 1717 (1341, 2305) 1685 (1324, 2311) 0.303 1842 (1439, 2481) 1804 (1399, 2534) 0.145
Protein, g 76.21 (48.44, 140.43) 74.06 (48.55, 123.12) 0.114 78.13 (51.20, 159.01) 77.76 (46.15, 147.06) 0.457
Carbohydrate, g 210.86 (148.84, 294.28) 206.11 (137.49, 298.00) 0.192 227.21 (153.79, 318.42) 216.21 (152.96, 315.16) 0.023
Fat, g 66.35 (41.96, 96.56) 64.95 (41.68, 101.23) 0.866 68.8 (45.41, 105.48) 70.14 (44.88, 106.76) 0.850
Vitamin A, mg RE 978.12 (361.47, 1889.26) 866.68 (339.83, 1894.77) 0.002 1024.53 (381.12, 1977.13) 1032.63 (318.73, 2187.71) 0.832
Vitamin C, mg 50.74 (15.65, 169.58) 34.72 (4.67, 136.26) <0.001 50.43 (13.15, 155.90) 33.99 (3.43, 150.52) <0.001
Thiamin, mg 0.91 (0.51, 1.69) 0.73 (0.33, 1.80) <0.001 0.92 (0.50, 1.67) 0.68 (0.35, 1.70) <0.001
Riboflavin, mg 1.30 (0.77, 2.44) 1.17 (0.56, 2.92) <0.001 1.29 (0.75, 2.49) 1.09 (0.58, 2.29) <0.001
Niacin, mg 13.46 (7.46, 22.79) 11.32 (6.05, 23.26) <0.001 14.10 (7.91, 25.88) 12.54 (6.80, 27.28) <0.001
Sodium, mg 1824.83 (875.06, 3335.37) 1881.77 (930.79, 3666.17) 0.292 2030.10 (1011.56, 3809.62) 2104.22 (1057.52, 3619.97) 0.822
Calcium, mg 606.67 (329.92, 1088.71) 485.06 (237.27, 1152.42) <0.001 591.13 (312.85, 1091.59) 496.45 (212.89, 980.32) <0.001
Iron, mg 17.58 (9.97, 33.21) 15.70 (8.24, 32.53) <0.001 20.42 (10.29, 38.31) 18.96 (8.73, 37.18) 0.047
Phosphorus, mg 1230.50 (638.37, 2057.25) 1093.03 (495.73, 1916.28) <0.001 1242.43 (640.27, 2063.06) 1161.45 (482.4, 2162.81) 0.026
Vitamin D, μg 0.16 (0, 4.31) 0.08 (0, 3.96) 0.785 0 (0, 3.91) 0 (0, 5.77) 0.979
  1. a based on Mann–Whitney test