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Table 2 Distribution of malted drink consumption by socio-demographic characteristics and various health-related factors among Malaysian primary school children

From: Characteristics associated with the consumption of malted drinks among Malaysian primary school children: findings from the MyBreakfast study

  6–9 years old 10–12 years old Total
Malted drinks, g/d (n = 899) Malted drinks, g/d (n = 619) Malted drinks, g/d (n = 1518)
Median (P5, P95) p-valuea Median (P5, P95) p-valuea Median (P5, P95) p-valuea
Total 20.0 (6.4, 60.0)   22.4 (9.5, 60.0)   20.0 (6.4, 60.0)  
Regions   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
 Central 15.9 (6.3, 45.5)   15.0 (6.3, 45.0)   15.0 (6.3, 45.0)  
 Southern 19.3 (6.5, 50.7)   30.0 (10.0, 77.1)   20.5 (6.6, 60.0)  
 Northern 15.8 (6.3, 47.9)   16.8 (6.3, 58.6)   16.0 (6.3, 53.8)  
 East Coast 30.0 (10.0, 67.3)   30.0 (10.0, 63.8)   30.0 (10.0, 67.3)  
 East Malaysia 20.0 (9.9, 65.5)   25.9 (10.0, 64.9)   25.0 (10.0, 65.0)  
Area   <0.001   0.802   0.003
 Urban 19.1 (6.3, 51.3)   22.4 (6.4, 60.0)   20.0 (6.4, 60.0)  
 Rural 22.4 (6.5, 67.3)   22.5 (10.0, 60.0)   22.4 (7.5, 60.0)  
Gender   0.282   0.839   0.355
 Boys 20.0 (6.4, 60.0)   22.4 (6.5, 63.5)   20.0 (6.4, 60.0)  
 Girls 20.0 (6.3, 60.0)   22.4 (9.5, 60.0)   20.0 (6.4, 60.0)  
Ethnic groups   0.051   0.724   0.063
 Malay 20.0 (6.3, 60.0)   21.5 (9.5, 60.0)   20.0 (6.4, 60.0)  
 Chinese 15.0 (6.3, 45.0)   22.0 (6.3, 60.0)   18.2 (6.3, 47.9)  
 Indian 20.0 (6.4, 64.1)   28.5 (4.8, 76.8)   23.2 (6.4, 66.4)  
 Indigenous people (East Malaysia) 20.0 (7.5, 67.6)   22.4 (10.0, 65.0)   20.0 (9.9, 65.4)  
 Others 37.5 (15.0, 60.0)   15.0 (10.0, 72.4)   15.0 (10.0, 60.0)  
Income groups (RM)   0.286   0.446   0.100
  < 1500 20.0 (6.4, 66.5)   22.7 (7.2, 66.3)   20.0 (6.5, 65.9)  
 1501–3500 22.1 (6.3, 60.0)   22.4 (8.6, 60.0)   22.3 (6.4, 60.0)  
 3501–5500 19.0 (6.3, 45.1)   20.0 (6.4, 55.8)   19.0 (6.4, 45.0)  
 5501–7500 20.0 (6.3, 50.9)   15.0 (9.5, 59.1)   19.5 (6.3, 52.3)  
  > 7500 21.3 (6.4, 60.0)   30.0 (9.5, 72.7)   23.0 (7.8, 60.5)  
Days of week   NA   NA   NA
 Weekday 22.5 (6.4, 60.0)   28.0 (9.5, 64.0)   25.0 (7.5, 60.0)  
 Weekend 25.0 (6.7, 60.0)   30.0 (9.5, 66.0)   26.9 (9.5, 62.3)  
BMI-for-age   0.019   0.794   0.105
 Severe thinness 15.0 (8.0, 50.0)   26.9 (6.4, 67.3)   19.5 (7.1, 64.0)  
 Thinness 17.5 (6.1, 61.1)   25.9 (9.5, 64.4)   20.0 (6.3, 60.0)  
 Normal 20.0 (6.4, 59.3)   20.4 (9.5, 60.0)   20.0 (6.4, 60.0)  
 Overweight 27.8 (6.5, 76.5)   25.0 (6.0, 84.7)   26.9 (6.4, 82.9)  
 Obese 22.2 (6.4, 51.2)   29.5 (6.5, 69.4)   22.3 (6.5, 54.1)  
Physical activity level   0.668   0.855   0.825
 Low 20.0 (6.3, 60.0)   22.4 (7.7, 60.0)   22.2 (6.4, 60.0)  
 Moderate 20.0 (6.4, 52.4)   22.4 (9.5, 60.0)   20.0 (6.4, 60.0)  
 High 20.0 (6.3, 67.3)   20.0 (6.3, 60.0)   20.0 (6.3, 66.1)  
  1. NA not applicable
  2. abased on Kruskal Wallis test