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Table 1 Socio-demographic characters of the mothers (cases and controls)

From: Maternal depression and malnutrition in children in southwest Uganda: a case control study

Variables Malnutrition in children Total (%)  
Cases (n = 83) Controls (n = 83) X2 (p-value)*
Proportion (%) Proportion (%)
Mother’s age
 18–24 41 (25 %) 36 (22 %) 77 (47 %) 1.29 (0.53)
 25–30 26 (16 %) 33 (20 %) 59 (36 %)
  > 30 16 (10 %) 14 (8 %) 30 (18 %)
Mother’s marital status
 Married 60 (36 %) 65 (39 %) 125 (75 %) 0.81 (0.37)
 Single/Separated/widowed 23 (14 %) 18 (11 %) 41 (25 %)
Mother’s level of education
 Lower primary (p1-p4) 33 (20 %) 19 (11 %) 52 (31 %) 5.53 (0.06)
 Upper primary (p5-p7) 35 (21 %) 46 (28 %) 81 (49 %)
 High school or more 15 (9 %) 18 (11 %) 33 (20 %)
Mother’s occupation
 Peasant farmer 57 (34 %) 46 (28) 104 (63 %) 4.27 (0.12)
 Retail business 13 (8 %) 24 (15 %) 37 (22 %)
 Casual labor/no occupation 13 (8 %) 12 (7 %) 25 (15 %)
Mother’s source of income
 Farming 48 (29 %) 37 (22 %) 85 (57 %) 3.70 (0.16)
 Retail business 21 (13 %) 32 (19) 53 (32 %)
 Casual laborer/no source of income 14 (5 %) 14 (5 %) 28 (10 %)
Number of children
 1–2 44 (27 %) 43 (26 %) 87 (53 %) 0.40 (0.82)
 3–4 26 (16 %) 24 (14 %) 50 (30 %)
 >4 children 13 (9 %) 16 (10 %) 29 (18 %)
  1. * = p ≤ 0.05