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Table 5 Summary of the linear regression with clustering by SOA on WEMWBS by NIMDM strata

From: Individual factors and perceived community characteristics in relation to mental health and mental well-being

Stratified sample Total NIMDM 1 NIMDM 2 NIMDM 3 NIMDM 4 NIMDM 5 Interaction
Independent variable Ba (95 % CI) pb Ba (95 % CI) pb Ba (95 % CI) pb Ba (95 % CI) pb Ba (95 % CI) pb Ba (95 % CI) pb p value (Indep var * NIMDM)
Constant 40.08 (34.64, 45.51) *** 41.77 (25.68, 57.87) *** 35.39 (23.68, 47.10) *** 36.22 (14.94, 57.51) ** 42.89 (23.50, 62.27) *** 38.62 (28.26, 48.97) ***  
Socio-demographic              
Gender −0.14 (−1.13,0.85)   −0.93 (−4.55, 2.69)   −1.40 (−4.01, 1.22)   0.56 (−4.57, 5.68)   −0.35 (−2.30, 1.61)   −0.09 (−1.84, 1.08)   
Age 0.05 (0.01, 0.08) ** 0.13 (0.03, 0.24) * 0.06 (−0.03, 0.16)   −0.04 (−0.17, 0.09)   0.01 (−0.09, 0.09)   0.05 (−0.01, 0.08)   
Married/ Cohabiting 1.40 (0.28, 2.52) * 1.58 (−2.12, 5.27)   1.49 (−0.69, 3.67)   3.27 (−4.33, 10.86)   3.09 (−0.82, 6.99)   0.47 (−1.48, 1.61)   
Accommodation-Own −1.01 (−2.23, 0.21)   −1.05 (−3.82, 1.73)   −1.65 (−4.49, 1.20)   −1.37 (−3.79 1.06)   −1.81 (−4.36, 0.74)   0.26 (−3.25, 2.09)   
Education to Degree Level 1.48 (0.45, 2.51) ** 3.32 (−0.93, 7.58)   0.83 (−2.79, 4.45)   3.13 (−1.98, 8.24)   1.51 (0.13, 2.90) * 1.29 (−0.33, 2.61)   
Unemployed −3.68 (−5.81, −1.55) *** −3.64 (−8.30, 1.02)   −4.90 (−8.81, −0.99) * −1.54 (−9.14, 6.06)   1.35 (−6.44, 9.14)   −6.43 (−9.53, 0.66) **  
Bicycle access −0.60 (−1.75, 0.55)   −1.41 (−4.27, 1.45)   −1.74 (−6.44, 2.96)   −1.03 (−7.99, 5.93)   1.23 (−0.89, 3.35)   0.08 (−0.02, 0.01)   **
No. Vehicles −0.03 (−0.62, 0.56)   1.03 (−1.09, 3.15)   0.06 (−1.69, 1.81)   −1.45 (−4.14, 1.23)   −0.76 (−1.81, 0.30)   0.14 (−0.72, 1.42)   
Income −0.04 (−0.32, 0.23)   −0.24 (−1.27, 0.79)   0.24 (−0.40, 0.87)   −0.39 (−1.39, 0.61)   −0.20 (−0.94, 0.53)   0.05 (-0.42, 0.52)   
Self-Rated Health              
EQ-VAS 0.14 (0.10, 0.17) *** 0.18 (0.08, 0.27) ** 0.16 (0.09, 0.22) *** 0.17 (−0.08, 0.42)   0.10 (0.02, 0.17) * 0.10 (0.06, 0.15) *** *
EQ-5D-3 L 6.19 (3.34, 9.03) *** 4.41 (0.23, 8.59) * 5.95 (−1.68, 13.58)   7.90 (−4.25, 20.06)   8.67 (0.04, 17.31) * 4.22 (−1.23, 6.53)   
Health Related Behaviours              
Never smoked 056 (−0.64, 1.75)   0.36 (−3.16, 3.87)   −1.86 (−4.69, 0.97)   0.31 (−2.46, 3.08)   1.82 (−1.00, 4.63)   1.64 (0.09, 3.11)   
Alcohol 0.20 (−0.03, 0.43)   0.07 (−0.64, 0.78)   0.46 (−0.14,1.07)   −0.24 (−0.90, 0.42)   0.11 (−0.45, 0.68)   0.06 (−0.33, 0.44)   
Social Capital              
Local Area Satisfaction −1.06 (−1.65, −0.47) *** −0.73 (−2.81,1.06)   −0.78 (−2.01, 0.44)   −0.96 (−4.75, 2.84)   −1.75 (−2.95, −0.56) ** −1.39 (−3.06, −0.57) *  
Local Area Problems −0.07 (−0.22, 0.08)   −0.24 (−0.64, 0.16)   0.13 (−0.23, 0.49)   0.18 (−0.49, 0.86)   −0.08 (−0.58, 0.42)   0.10 (−0.16, 0.30)   
‘Social connections’ −0.37 (−0.60, −0.14) ** −0.42 (−1.09, 0.25)   −0.4958 (−1.02, −0.04)   −0.28 (−1.37, 0.82)   −0.10 (−0.48, 0.28)   −0.52 (−0.94, −0.32) *  
Trust −0.12 (−0.70, 0.45)   −0.17 (−1.32, 0.99)   0.17 (−0.95, 1.30)   −0.11 (−3.31, 3.09)   −0.04 (−1.95, 1.87)   −0.09 (−1.15, 0.65)   
Civic Participation −0.53 (−1.49, 0.43)   −2.50 (−4.98, −0.03) * −1.59 (−4.61, 1.43)   −2.94 (−7.14, 0.26)   −1.19 (−3.51, 1.13)   0.60 (−0.83, 2.10)   **
Social Participation −0.92 (−1.85, 0.02)   −0.72 (−3.69, 2.25)   −0.88 (−3.29, 1.52)   −2.52 (−6.61, 1.56)   −2.08 (−5.12, 0.95)   −0.12 (−1.89, 1.02)   
  1. PARC: Physical Activity and the Rejuvenation of Connswater
  2. EQ-VAS: Visual Analogue Scale of self-rated health; EQ-5D-3 L: 5 dimension with 3 levels of response [25, 26]
  3. NIMDM: Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure [31]
  4. a Regression coefficients, b Significance level: * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  5. Coding of dependent variables
  6. WEMWBS: 14 – 70 with increase in score implying better mental well-being
  7. Coding of independent variables
  8. Gender: 1 = male, 2 = female
  9. Age: in years
  10. Married/Cohabiting: 0 = false, 1 = true
  11. Accommodation own: 1 = owner occupied, 2 = other/rent
  12. Education to Degree Level: 0 = false, 1 = true
  13. Unemployed: 0 = false, 1 = true
  14. Bicycle access: 0 false, 1 = true
  15. No. Vehicles: numeric
  16. Income: 9 categories of increasing amount
  17. EQ-VAS: 0 to 100 (higher values imply better health)
  18. EQ-5D-3 L: continuous variable (higher values imply better health)
  19. Never Smoked: 0 = false, 1 = true
  20. Alcohol: ranked categories of frequency from 1 = almost every day to 8 = not at all in the last 12 months
  21. Local Area Satisfaction: scale from 1 = very satisfied to 5 = very dissatisfied
  22. Local Area Problems: summative of 8 Llikert items to a Likert scale 5 – 40 (higher values better)
  23. ‘Social connections’: summative of 4 Likert items to a Likert scale of 4 – 20 (lower values better)
  24. Trust: 4 point ordinal scale, 1 = very likely to 4 = not at all likely
  25. Civic Participation: 0 = no, 1 = yes
  26. Social Participation: 0 = no, 1 = yes