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Table 1 Coding of MPOWER measures and their observed distribution in West-African countries

From: Tobacco prevention policies in west-African countries and their effects on smoking prevalence

Variable Level Description Codea Observed distribution
2008 2010
Current smoking prevalence   Prevalence of tobacco smoking [%]   
Mean 11.7 % 13.1 %
Median 8.6 % 9.5 %
Range (<0.1–38.6 %) (<0.1–48.0 %)
Number of smoke-free places (smoke-free places) I ≤2 public places completely smoke-free 0 6 (47 %) 8 (61 %)
II 3–5 public places completely smoke-free 1 3 (23 %) 3 (23 %)
III 6–7 public places completely smoke-free 2 2 (15 %) 1 (8 %)
IV All public places completely smoke-free 3 2 (15 %) 1 (8 %)
Level of cessation service (tobacco treatment) I None 0 3 (23 %) 3 (23 %)
II Some cessation service not cost-covered 1 6 (47 %) 7 (54 %)
III At least one service is cost-covered 2 4 (30 %) 3 (23 %)
IV National quit line, services cost-covered 3 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %)
Level of health warning labels (health warning) I No warnings 0 9 (70 %) 10 (77 %)
II Medium size warnings with missing characteristics 1 4 (30 %) 3 (23 %)
III Medium size warnings 2 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %)
IV Large warnings 3 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %)
Level of bans on advertising, promotion and sponsorship (advertisement ban) I No ban 0 4 (30 %) 5 (38 %)
II Ban on TV, radio and print media 1 5 (39 %) 2 (15 %)
III Ban on TV, radio and print media, and on some direct and/or indirect advertising 2 3 (23 %) 5 (39 %)
IV Ban on all forms of advertising 3 1 (8 %) 1 (8 %)
Level of tobacco control program (national agency) I No national agency on tobacco control 0 2 (15 %) 2 (15 %)
II Existence of national agency 1 5 (39 %) 3 (23 %)
III National agency with ≤5 staff members 2 2 (15 %) 4 (31 %)
IV National agency with >5 staff members 3 4 (31 %) 4 (31 %)
Price of cigarettes (adjusted price)   Price of 20-cigarette pack in dollars (at purchasing power parity) [$]   
Mean $2.08 $2.04
Median $2.3 $2.3
Range ($1.00–2.95) ($0.86–2.94)
  1. aAs used in regression