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Table 2 Prevalence (%) of poor functional health in domains by age and sex, adults aged 50 and over NUHDSS Korogocho and Viwandani Nairobi City, Kenya, 2006–7

From: Health and ageing in Nairobi’s informal settlements-evidence from the International Network for the Demographic Evaluation of Populations and Their Health (INDEPTH): a cross sectional study

  50–59 years 60–69 years 70–79 years 80 + years
  Men Women p-value Men Women p-value Men Women p-value Men Women p-value
n i = 909 n = 359   n = 250 n = 156   n = 72 n = 62   n = 29 n = 41  
Poor heath by domains % %   % %   % %   % %  
 Mobility 4.0 11.9 p < 0.001 4.2 17.5 p < 0.001 16.0 34.2 p = 0.01 39.6 40.2 p = 0.96
 Self-care 1.7 1.2 p = 0.50 2.0 3.5 p = 0.33 2.7 7.7 p = 0.17 24.7 18.1 p = 0.49
 Pain/Discomfort 4.1 11.3 p < 0.001 7.4 23.6 p < 0.001 10.7 25.6 p = 0.02 29.0 39.0 p = 0.36
 Cognition 4.7 7.3 p = 0.06 7.3 14.3 p = 0.02 13.3 26.1 p = 0.06 23.4 33.9 p = 0.31
 Interpersonal activities 0.8 1.7 p = 0.19 1.9 3.1 p = 0.42 1.4 6.6 p = 0.11 16.7 12.4 p = 0.60
 Sleep/Energy 2.6 7.5 p < 0.001 4.2 14.8 P < 0.001 10.7 13.6 p = 0.60 25.8 19.8 p = 0.54
 Affect 1.6 5.7 p < 0.001 3.4 11.0 p < 0.01 6.6 12.0 p = 0.28 17.8 18.5 p = 0.94
 Vision 2.3 3.0 p = 0.43 2.6 7.0 p = 0.03 9.4 19.1 p = 0.10 25.8 24.6 p = 0.91
  1. Note: All analyses weighted to the Nairobi NUHDSS population 2007. P-values reported for chi-squared tests of significance comparing men and women for each of the domain