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Table 1 ARMHS participants who completed the WMH-CIDI-3.0 PTSD section (N = 623) – Lifetime PTSD by PTE

From: Long-term effects of lifetime trauma exposure in a rural community sample

Potentially trauma event (PTE) N (%) Diagnosis of PTSD Adjusted Odds Ratios (AOR) for lifetime PTSD (p-value)
N (%) AOR1: Adjusted for age & gender AOR2: Adjusted for age, gender & other PTEs
Combat 22 (3.5) 9 (40.9) 4.25 (.003) 1.80 (.274)
Life threatening accident 144 (23.1) 44 (30.6) 1.72 (.016) 1.06 (.836)
Natural disaster 66 (10.6) 23 (34.8) 2.11 (.009) 1.25 (.497)
Life threatening illness 155 (24.9) 45 (29.0) 1.93 (.004) 1.42 (.172)
Physically assaulted 161 (25.8) 69 (42.9) 3.78 (<.001) 2.53 (<.001)
Sexually assaulted 110 (17.7) 46 (42.2) 2.51 (<.001) 1.32 (.299)
Unexpected death of a loved one 305 (49.0) 107 (35.1) 3.37 (<.001) 2.84 (<.001)
Child had life threatening illness 112 (18.0) 38 (33.9) 1.88 (.007) 1.17 (.561)
Witnessed injury, death, dead body 208 (33.4) 75 (36.1) 3.15 (<.001) 1.88 (.007)
Othera 144 (23.1) 54 (37.2) 2.39 (<.001) 2.06 (.002)
Any event 514 (82.5) 151 (29.4)   
  1. WMH-CIDI-3.0 World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview, Version 3.0; ICD-10 International Classification of Diseases, Version 10; reference category for AORs = participants completing the WMH-CIDI-3.0 who did not experience the focal trauma event
  2. aMost common “other” events were: life-threatening event to family member, and death of a family member (not “unexpected” death); others included mental illness of another, divorce/separation, threat of abuse, and work-related trauma