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Table 3 Risk factors of cholera in the study population

From: Assessing the risk factors of cholera epidemic in the Buea Health District of Cameroon

Risk Factors Total Cases (n = 34) Controls (n = 101) Odds Ratio Confidence Interval Fisher exact p-value
No (%) No (%) Odds of exposure No (%) Odds of exposure   95 % CI
Spring as drinking water source 6 (4.5) 01 (3.0) 0.03 05 (5.0) 0.05 0.58 0.07–5.16 1.00
Irregular water supply 78 (58.6) 17 (51.5) 1.00 61 (61.0) 1.53 0.66 0.30–1.43 0.32
Lack of home toilet facility 30 (22.9) 6 (19.4) 0.21 24 (24.0) 0.31 0.69 0.25–1.86 0.49
Poor kitchen facility 17 (31.2) 3 (10.0) 0.10 14 (14.1) 0.16 0.60 0.16–2.23 0.56
Poor food preservation method 29 (25.2) 18 (62.1) 1.13 11 (66.3) 0.12 9.20 3.67–23.08 <0.0001
Eating outside the home 90 (66.7) 23 (67.7) 2.09 67 (66.3) 1.97 1.06 0.46–2.43 1.00
Below 21 years of age 33 (25.4) 11 (34.4) 0.48 22 (22.5) 0.28 1.72 0.73–4.06 0.25
Education below tertiary level 102 (80.3) 25 (80.7) 2.78 77 (81.1) 3.21 0.87 0.36–2.11 0.82