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Table 2 Study effects for IPV outcomes

From: Systematic review of structural interventions for intimate partner violence in low- and middle-income countries: organizing evidence for prevention

First author (year) Physical Psychological1 Sexual Economic Controlling behaviors Multiple types
Abramsky (2014) [6] NS   NS    
Ahmed (2005) [24]       NS
Bobonis (2013) [25] NS NS NS    NS
Das (2012) [26]       
Green (2015) [27] Trial 1      * NS
Trial 2      NS NS
Gupta (2013) [28] NS   NS *   NS
Hidrobo (2013) [29] NS NS    *  
Hossain (2014) [30] NS   NS    NS
Jewkes (2008) [31]       NS
Jewkes (2014) [32] NS   * / NS2    * / NS2
Kim (2007) [33]      NS *
Kim (2009) [34]      NS * / NS3
Kyegombe (2014) [35]    NS    
Miller (2014) [36]       
Pronyk (2006) [37]      NS *
Pronyk (2008) [38]       
Pulerwitz (2015) [39] NS * / NS4     *
Pulerwitz (2015) [40]       NS / unknown5
Usdin (2005) [41]       
Wagman (2015) [42] * / NS6 * / NS7 * / NS6    
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05 or 95 % confidence interval not including unity
  2. NS = not significant
  3. 1Psychological IPV includes author-defined psychological, emotional, and verbal violence and threats of physical violence
  4. 2Significant for women*, not significant for men
  5. 3Significant for IMAGE v. control*, not significant for microfinance v. control or IMAGE v. microfinance
  6. 4Significant for workers*, not significant for students
  7. 5P-values not presented for all statistics from multivariate regression models
  8. 6Significant for women at 35 months*, not significant for men at 35 months, women at 16 months, or men at 16 months
  9. 7Significant for men at 16 months*, not significant for women at 35 months, men at 35 months, or women at 16 months